Family Istiophoridae (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Istiophoriformes - Istiophoridae

Parent taxon: Istiophoriformes according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Carnevale and Godfrey 2118, Fierstine 1998, Fierstine 1999, Fierstine 2001, Jordan 1963, Purdy et al. 2001 and Schultz 1987

Sister taxon: Xiphiidae

Subtaxa: Hemirhabdorhynchus Istiophorus Makaira Marlina Tetrapturus

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Ecology: nektonic omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (1: South Carolina collection)

• Pliocene of France (1), United States (2: California, North Carolina)

• Miocene of Chile (2), Panama (2), Peru (1), United States (6: California, North Carolina, Virginia)

• Eocene of the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 16 collections including 21 occurrences

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