Cyphastrea serailia Forskal 1775 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Merulinidae

Alternative combination: Madrepora serailia

Synonym: Cyphastrea niasensis Gerth 1925 [objective synonym]

Belongs to Cyphastrea according to Matthai 1914

See also Mewis 2012 and Osberger 1954

Sister taxa: Cyphastraea coloi, Cyphastrea aliceae, Cyphastrea buddae, Cyphastrea chalcidicum, Cyphastrea crassa, Cyphastrea cymotoma, Cyphastrea gemmulifera, Cyphastrea japonica, Cyphastrea microphthalma, Cyphastrea monticulifera, Cyphastrea ocellina, Cyphastrea spinea, Cyphastrea tampae, Cyphastrea tubifera, Cyphastrea wanneri

Type specimens:

  • Cyphastrea serailia: 1
  • Cyphastrea niasensis: Its type locality is Gawo River, Nias, which is in a Miocene/Pliocene perireef or subreef limestone in the Nias Formation of Indonesia.

Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal photosymbiotic-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (5 collections), Djibouti (1), Egypt (1), Indonesia (5), Japan (10), New Caledonia (9), New Zealand (15), Pakistan (1), Papua New Guinea (4), Saudi Arabia (2), Taiwan (1), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Egypt (1), Saudi Arabia (1)

• Pliocene of Egypt (1), French Polynesia (1), Indonesia (5), Japan (2), Papua New Guinea (1), Taiwan (2)

• Miocene of Fiji (1), Iran (1)

Total: 71 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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