†family Merulinidae Verrill 1866 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Merulinidae

Parent taxon: Faviicae according to J. W. Wells 1956

Sister taxa: Anthemiphylliidae, Faviidae, Meandrinidae, Montlivaltiidae, Pectiniidae, Rhizangiidae, Tropiphyllidae

Subtaxa: Astrea Australogyra Boninastrea Coelastrea Cyphastrea Dipsastraea Echinopora Erythrastrea Favites Goniastrea Hydnophora Leptoria Merulina Mycedium Orbicella Oulophyllia Paraclavarina Paraleptoria Paramontastraea Parastrea Pectinia Platygyra Scapophyllia Trachyphyllia

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Type: Merulina

Ecology: stationary intermediate-level epifaunal photosymbiotic-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antigua and Barbuda (1 collection), Australia (85), the Bahamas (32), Barbados (38), Belize (7), Cayman Islands (44), Christmas Island (1), Colombia (23), Cook Islands (1), Costa Rica (10), Djibouti (2), the Dominican Republic (11), Egypt (62), Eritrea (3), Fiji (1), France (1), French Polynesia (13), Guadeloupe (2), Guam (3), Haiti (10), India (7), Indonesia (17), Iran (5), Israel (1), Jamaica (10), Japan (88), Jordan (3), Kenya (34), Kiribati (1), Madagascar (1), Malaysia (1), Maldives (1), Mauritius (5), Mayotte (2), Mexico (2), the Netherlands Antilles (45), New Caledonia (33), New Zealand (16), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Pakistan (5), Palau (1), Panama (29), Papua New Guinea (34), the Philippines (9), Pitcairn (2), Puerto Rico (1), Saudi Arabia (10), the Seychelles (11), Somalia (1), Sri Lanka (4), Sudan (1), Taiwan (6), Turks and Caicos Islands (1), Tuvalu (1), United States (29: Florida, Hawaii), Vanuatu (15), Venezuela (1), Virgin Islands (13)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Bahamas (1), Costa Rica (8), Egypt (1), Indonesia (19), Jamaica (1), the Philippines (2), Saudi Arabia (2), United States Minor Outlying Islands (1)

• Pliocene of the Bahamas (9), Costa Rica (9), the Dominican Republic (6), Egypt (1), French Polynesia (1), Haiti (3), India (1), Indonesia (38), Jamaica (2), Japan (6), the Netherlands Antilles (10), Papua New Guinea (2), Taiwan (4), United States (3: Florida, Hawaii)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (1), Indonesia (14), Malaysia (1), United States (1: Puerto Rico)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of Indonesia (1)

• Neogene of Christmas Island (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (2), Anguilla (2), Australia (3), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Bulgaria (1), Colombia (2), Cyprus (1), the Dominican Republic (5), Egypt (11), Fiji (6), France (19), Greece (6), Haiti (2), Indonesia (42), Iran (14), Israel (1), Italy (8), Jamaica (1), Japan (4), Libya (1), Malaysia (1), the Marshall Islands (2), Mexico (3), Morocco (5), New Zealand (5), Pakistan (1), Panama (15), Papua New Guinea (7), Portugal (1), Romania (2), Saudi Arabia (1), Somalia (3), Spain (11), Sri Lanka (1), Sudan (1), Trinidad and Tobago (9), Turkey (8), United States (1: Hawaii), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Indonesia (1), Somalia (1), United States (3: Florida)

• Oligocene of Antigua and Barbuda (1), Costa Rica (1), Cuba (1), France (3), Greece (4), India (1), Iran (3), Italy (22), Jamaica (1), Libya (1), Mexico (4), Puerto Rico (3), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovenia (4), Somalia (3), Spain (1), Turkey (5), United States (1: Georgia), Venezuela (3)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Greece (1)

• Eocene of Austria (1), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Colombia (3), Cuba (1), France (1), Germany (1), Guadeloupe (1), Hungary (3), Indonesia (2), Italy (4), Jamaica (3), the Marshall Islands (1), Mexico (3), Pakistan (2), Panama (3), Papua New Guinea (1), Slovenia (1), Spain (3)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Egypt (2), India (1), Pakistan (1), United States (1: Alabama)

• Tertiary of Indonesia (1)

• Cretaceous of Austria (2), Bulgaria (2), the Czech Republic (2), Germany (5), Greece (1), Jamaica (3), Oman (2), Pakistan (1), Romania (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (2), Spain (1), the United Arab Emirates (1), United States (1: Texas)

• Jurassic of Japan (1), Lebanon (1)

• Triassic of Italy (1)

Total: 1297 collections including 3180 occurrences

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