†family Hesperorthidae Schuchert and Cooper 1931 (lamp shell)

Rhynchonellata - Orthida - Hesperorthidae

Parent taxon: Orthoidea according to M. Liljeroth et al. 2017

See also Jakobsen et al. 2014, Paškevičius and Hints 2016, Rõõmusoks 1964, Rubel 2011, Williams et al. 2000, Wright 1964 and Wright 1982

Sister taxa: Anomalorthidae, Archaeorthidae, Bajanorthis, Bohemiellidae, Cathaysiorthidae, Glyptorthidae, Hesperonomiidae, Lycophoriidae, Malinella, Nugnecella, Orthidae, Orthidiellidae, Ottadalenites, Plaesiomyidae, Poramborthidae, Productorthidae, Skenidioidae, Tarfayidae, Turarella, Whittardiidae, Zhejiangorthis, Altorthis, Dinorthidae, Dolerorthidae

Subtaxa: Barbarorthis Dolerorthis Flabellitesia Hesperorthis Lordorthis Paradolerorthis Ptychopleurella Schizonema

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Devonian of Australia (6 collections), Canada (11: Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Yukon), China (4), the Czech Republic (2), United States (5: Nevada, West Virginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania)

• Clinton of Canada (2: British Columbia)

• Silurian to Devonian of Australia (1)

• Silurian of Argentina (1), Australia (2), Belarus (4), Canada (70: Manitoba, New Brunswick, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Québec, Yukon, Yukon Territory), China (9), the Czech Republic (3), Estonia (64), Greenland (2), Iran (1), Ireland (1), Kazakhstan (9), Lithuania (15), Norway (40), the Russian Federation (9), Sweden (26), Ukraine (3), the United Kingdom (76), United States (112: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Missouri, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Utah, Wisconsin), Venezuela (2)

• Niagaran of Canada (1: Québec)

• Ordovician to Silurian of Canada (1: British Columbia), Norway (1), United States (1: Illinois)

• Ordovician of Argentina (1), Australia (15), Belarus (2), Belgium (2), Canada (75: Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Nunvait, Ontario, Quebec, Québec), China (14), Estonia (17), France (3), Ireland (12), Kazakhstan (12), Latvia (6), Lithuania (11), Mongolia (5), Norway (20), Portugal (2), the Russian Federation (40), Spain (4), Sweden (5), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (67), United States (227: Alaska, California, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming), Venezuela (1)

• Llandeilo of Australia (3), China (1), Mongolia (1), the United Kingdom (4)

• Chazy of Canada (3: Quebec), United States (6: New York, Virginia)

• Whiterockian of United States (9: Nevada, Oklahoma)

• Arenig of Canada (1: New Brunswick), China (1)

Total: 1055 collections including 1256 occurrences

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