Arctica Schumacher 1817 (clam)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Arcticidae

Synonym: Cyprina Lamarck 1818

Parent taxon: Arcticidae according to H. E. Vokes 1980

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, Cserna 1956 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Agapella, Ambonicardia, Anisocardia, Anisocardioides, Antarctica, Antiquicyprina, Aquilonia, Coelocyprina, Epicyprina, Etea, Fengjiachongia, Gythemon, Hartwellia, Isocyprina, Izumia, Lilingella, Petalocardia, Plesiocyprina, Procyprina, Pronoella, Proveniella, Pseudotrapezium, Pygocardia, Rollierella, Roudairia, Somarctica, Staffinella, Tenea, Tortarctica, Vectianella, Venericyprina, Veniella, Venilicardia, Yunshania, Amiodon

Subtaxa: Arctica calabra Arctica islandica Arctica limpidiana Arctica murrayensis Arctica planata Arctica provencialis Arctica subanthooensis Cyprina cancriniana Cyprina cordiformis Cyprina cuneata Cyprina escheri Cyprina iddingsi Cyprina lens Cyprina praerustica Cyprina purae Cyprina scutellaria

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Belgium (1 collection), Iceland (6), Ireland (1), Italy (2), the Netherlands (1), Poland (6), the United Kingdom (7), United States (1: New York)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Belgium (8), Greenland (1), Iceland (19), the Netherlands (1), the United Kingdom (5)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (3: Alaska)

• Miocene of Austria (2), Belgium (2), Germany (1), India (3)

• Oligocene of Austria (3), Denmark (3), Hungary (3)

• Eocene of Belgium (1), Egypt (1), the United Kingdom (5)

• Paleocene of Nigeria (1), Poland (1), United States (2: Alaska, California)

• Cretaceous of Afghanistan (2), Canada (15: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Saskatchewan), Egypt (17), Greenland (3), Iran (2), Nigeria (3), the Russian Federation (5), USSR (4), the United Arab Emirates (2), United States (14: Alaska, Arizona)

• Jurassic of Greenland (20), the Russian Federation (1), United States (1: Alaska)

Total: 180 collections including 186 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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