†family Encrinuridae Angelin 1854 (trilobite)

Trilobita - Phacopida - Encrinuridae

Synonym: Staurocephalidae Prantl and Pribyl 1947

Parent taxon: Phacopida according to H. B. Whittington et al. 1997

See also Adrain 2011, Edgecombe 1994, Harrington and Leanza 1957, Nikolaisen 1961 and Phleger 1933

Sister taxa: Acastidae, Bathycheilidae, Bavarillidae, Calmoniidae, Calpmenella, Calymenidae, Calymenina, Cheirurina, Dalmanitidae, Diaphanometopidae, Emsurina, Eocheiurus, Eodindymene, Fenestraspis, Feruminops, Forillonaria, Foulonia, Frenerinuroides, Furacopyge, Gourdonia, Hapsiceraurus, Heliocephalus, Hexacosta, Homalonotidae, Ibexaspis, Illaenula, Josephulus, Kolymella, Langgoni, Leiostrototropis, Liolophops, Malladaia, Metapliomerops, Mezocrotalus, Mitchellaspis, Morocconites, Nipponocalymene, Pamirotellus, Parachuangia, Pelitlina, Perirehaedulus, Phacopidae, Phacopina, Phalangocephalus, Pharostomatidae, Pilekiidae, Pliomeridae, Podolites, Probolops, Prodontochile, Prosopiscidae, Pterygometopidae, Ptychometopus, Punillaspis, Rabienops, Radiopyge, Renniella, Reraspis, Reussiana, Rhinophacops, Rhinoreedops, Roncellia, Sambremeusapis, Sanidopyge, Scabrella, Schoharia, Spinodontochile, Teichertops, Toxophacops, Trypaulites, Turcopyge, Typhloiscus, Victorispina, Wallacia

Subtaxa: Aegrotocatellus Alwynulus Anapliomerella Atractocybeloides Australurus Avalanchurus Balizoma Batocara Bevanopsis Celtencrinurus Coronocephalus Cromus Curriella Cybele Cybelinae Cybelurus Dayongia Dindymeninae Distyrax Elsarella Encrinurinae Fragiscutum Frammia Kailia Lasaguaditas Libertella Lyrapyge Mackenziurus Nucleurus Oedicybele Paracybeloides Parakailia Perryus Plasiaspis Prophysemataspis Prostrix Rongxiella Senticucullus Sinocybele Staurocephalinae Staurocephalus Stiktocybele Struszia Wuoaspis

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Ecology: fast-moving low-level epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Devonian of Australia (1 collection), China (1), Tajikistan (1)

• Silurian to Devonian of Austria (1)

• Silurian of Australia (26), Austria (1), Belarus (2), Canada (160: Manitoba, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec, Yukon), China (40), the Czech Republic (27), Estonia (6), Greenland (7), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Japan (4), Latvia (2), Lithuania (1), Morocco (1), Norway (1), Sweden (16), Tajikistan (4), Ukraine (17), the United Kingdom (57), United States (55: Arkansas, California, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maryland, Michigan, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Wisconsin)

• Niagaran of United States (1: Indiana)

• Ordovician to Silurian of Canada (4: British Columbia, Québec)

• Ordovician of Argentina (11), Australia (14), Belgium (4), Canada (69: Manitoba, Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Nunvait, Ontario, Quebec, Yukon, Yukon and Northwest Terrorities), China (25), the Czech Republic (6), Estonia (6), Germany (2), Ireland (20), Kazakhstan (5), Latvia (3), the Netherlands (2), Norway (69), the Russian Federation (30), Spain (1), Sweden (24), the United Kingdom (53), United States (50: Alabama, California, Illinois, Illinois, Iowa, Iowa/Wisconsin, Maine, Minnesota, Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Utah, Virginia, Wisconsin)

• Llandeilo of Canada (1: Yukon), China (4), the United Kingdom (3)

• Chazy of United States (1: New York)

• Whiterockian of Canada (10: Newfoundland and Labrador, Northwest Territories, Quebec), Norway (2), United States (14: Nevada, New York, Oklahoma, Vermont)

• Arenig of Argentina (1), China (3), Norway (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Arenigian of China (2)

Total: 875 collections including 1123 occurrences

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