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Phyllocrinus

Crinoidea - Cyrtocrinida - Phyllocrinidae

Taxonomy
Phyllocrinus was named by Orbigny (1850) [Sepkoski's age data: J Bajo-l K Apti Sepkoski's reference number: 1066]. It is not extant. Its type is Phyllocrinus malbosianus. It is the type genus of Phyllocrinidae.

It was assigned to Cyrtocrinida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Phyllocrinidae by Rasmussen (1961), Salamon (2009), Hess and Messing (2011) and Hess (2012).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1850Phyllocrinus Orbigny
1961Phyllocrinus Rasmussen p. 227
2002Phyllocrinus Sepkoski
2009Phyllocrinus Salamon p. 84
2011Phyllocrinus Hess and Messing p. 183
2012Phyllocrinus Hess p. 232

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumBlastozoa
classCrinoideaMiller 1821
subclassPentacrinoideaJaekel 1918
RankNameAuthor
infraclassInadunata(Wachsmuth and Springer 1897)
Cladida(Moore and Laudon 1943)
Eucladida
infraorderArticulata(Miller 1821)
orderCyrtocrinidaSieverts-Doreck 1953
suborderCyrtocrininaSieverts-Doreck 1952
superfamilyEugeniacrinitoidea(Roemer 1855)
familyPhyllocrinidaeJaekel 1907
genusPhyllocrinusOrbigny 1850

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

G. †Phyllocrinus Orbigny 1850
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Phyllocrinus belbekensis Arendt 1974
Phyllocrinus brassovianus Jekelius 1915
Phyllocrinus colloti de Loriol 1882
Phyllocrinus fenestratus Dumortier 1871
Phyllocrinus gracilis de Loriol 1879
Phyllocrinus helveticus Ooster 1865
Phyllocrinus malbosianus d'Orbigny 1850
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Invalid names: Phyllocrinus checchiai Serra 1933 [synonym], Phyllocrinus hoheneggeri Zittel 1870 [synonym], Phyllocrinus picteti Loriol 1879 [synonym]
Phyllocrinus oosteri Loriol 1879
Phyllocrinus sabaudianus Pictet and Loriol 1858
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calcitec
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yessubc
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Created: 2004-02-28 16:27:36
Modified: 2004-02-28 18:27:36
Source: o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, p = phylum
References: Hendy et al. 2009, Kiessling 2004, Aberhan 1992, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Early/Lower Bathonian to the top of the Valanginian or 167.70000 to 132.90000 Ma

Collections (10 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Bajocian - Early/Lower Bathonian171.6 - 164.7France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) P. voultensis (225718)
Early/Lower Bathonian167.7 - 164.7France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) P. colloti, P. voultensis (225715) P. fenestratus (225720)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2France (Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes) P. colloti (225719)
Early/Lower Callovian164.7 - 161.2France (Rhone-Alpes) P. colloti (114540)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Austria P. belbekensis (151441)
Late/Upper Berriasian145.0 - 140.2France P. malbosianus (91168)
Late/Upper Valanginian140.2 - 136.4Austria P. sp. (64831)
Valanginian139.8 - 132.9Poland (Lesser Poland) P. belbekensis (213664)
Early/Lower Hauterivian136.4 - 130.0Spain P. oosteri (55528)