Daraispon (Miocene of Tajikistan)

Also known as Darayaspoon

Where: Daraispon, Tajikistan (38.5° N, 69.5° E: paleocoordinates 38.8° N, 69.2° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Tavildara Formation, Turolian (8.7 - 5.3 Ma)

• Tavildara = late Magian suite. Upper Miocene (MN12), Late Turolian. Strongly carbonised, hard aleurites of dark and light brown colour. The fossiliferous horizon which is 20-30cm thick, lies in the upper part of the section, 40m above the level of the river with an inclination of 3-5 degrees south.

Environment/lithology: siltstone and conglomerate

• 'Atributed to the Karanak suite that consists of reddish-brown ill-sorted siltstones with conglomeratic layers and lenses.'

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Site discovered in 1978. There are two different faunal lists (as a result of 2 different excavations), with no overlap except Hipparion, so both have been entered.

Primary reference: M.V. Sotnikova, A.E. Dodonov, and A.V. Pen'kov. 1997. Upper Cenozoic bio-magnetic stratigraphy of Central Asian mammalian localities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 133:243-258 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34391: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 29.08.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Bovidae or tragelaphinae also present
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
? Prospalax sp. Mehely 1908 mouse
 Perissodactyla - Chalicotheriidae
Chalicotherium sp. Kaup 1833 chalicothere
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion sp. de Christol 1832 hipparionine horse
Hipparion garedzicum ssp.
 Carnivora - Felidae
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Ictitherium sp. Wagner 1848 hyaena
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Giraffidae indet. Gray 1821 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer