Bridge Ranch (Miocene of the United States)

Also known as Lapara Creek fauna; Site 17; Bridge Estate; TMM 31132

Where: Bee County, Texas (28.6° N, 97.7° W: paleocoordinates 29.0° N, 95.3° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Lapara Member (Goliad Formation), Clarendonian (13.6 - 10.3 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Reposited in the TMM

Primary reference: J. A. Wilson. 1960. Miocene carnivores, Texas Coastal Plain. Journal of Paleontology 34(5):983-1000 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]more details

PaleoDB collection 18610: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 27.09.1993, edited by Jonathan Marcot and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• apparently lower than TMM 30896 and TMM 31081 as 1) it is said to be "older" by Tedford et al. 1987, and 2) the latter faunas are said to be near the top of the member
any Teleoceras is T. cf. major: Prothero and Manning 1987
unclassified
  -
Pylodictis olivaris5
TMM 31132-767 centrum
Actinopteri
 Lepisosteiformes - Lepisosteidae
Lepisosteus sp.5 Agassiz 1843 gar
TMM 31132-457
Reptilia
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Apalone sp.5 Rafinesque 1832 softshell turtle
TMM 31132-8, -769, -812 carapace and plastron fragments, -519 costal, -521 plastron fragments
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Hesperotestudo sp.5 Williams 1950 turtle
TMM 31132-82 dermal ossicle, -460 humerus, -770 carapace and plastron fragments
 Testudines - Panemydidae
Emydidae indet.5 Rafinesque 1815 turtle
TMM 31132-774 plastron fragments
cf. Terrapene sp.5 Merrem 1820 box turtle
TMM 31132-811, carapace fragment
Aves
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
cf. Mycteria sp.5 Linnaeus 1758 stork
TMM 31132-347 tarsometatarsus
Reptilia
 Crocodylia - Alligatoridae
Alligator cf. mississippiensis5 Daudin 1801 American alligator
TMM 31132-87, -520 osteoderms, -530, -766 teeth
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Mylagaulidae
"Ceratogaulus cf. rhinoceros" = Ceratogaulus rhinocerus5
"Ceratogaulus cf. rhinoceros" = Ceratogaulus rhinocerus5 Matthew 1902 rodent
TMM 31132-143 left P4, TMM 31132-120 right p4
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
cf. Domninoides sp.5 Green 1956 mole
TMM 31132-531 partial left humerus
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Teleoceras major7 Hatcher 1894 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hippotherium sp.1 Kaup 1832 hipparionine horse
Pseudhipparion curtivallum10 Quinn 1955 hipparionine horse
Nannippus sp.1 Matthew 1926 hipparionine horse
Neohipparion affine3 Leidy 1869 hipparionine horse
Hipparion tehonense5 Merriam 1916 hipparionine horse
TMM 31132-22 M1, -731 M
Dinohippus subvenus n. sp.8 Quinn 1955 horse
Protohippus supremus1 Leidy 1869 horse
Calippus martini4 Hesse 1936 horse
Calippus regulus2 Johnston 1937 horse
Calippus placidus4 Leidy 1869 horse
Hypohippus affinis2 Leidy 1858 anchitheriine horse
 Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyoninae indet. Trouessart 1885 bear-dog
Ischyrocyon gidleyi5 Matthew 1902 bear-dog
TMM 31132-29 M2, -259 M1, -328 M2, -412 P4
 Carnivora - Canidae
Aelurodon taxoides Hatcher 1894 bone-crushing dog
confirmed by Wang et al. 1999
Aelurodon taxoides5 Hatcher 1894 bone-crushing dog
TMM 31132-12 canine, -165 canine, -458 left dentary with c, p2-4, m1-2, -478 incisor, -787 canine
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
cf. Gomphotherium sp.5 Burmeister 1837 gomphothere
TMM 31132-274 m3, -365 lower tusk fragment
 Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Prosthennops xiphidonticus5 peccary
TMM 31132-202 partial mandible with dp3-m2
 Ungulata - Camelidae
"Protolabis coartatus" = Protolabis coartatus1, "Protolabis notiochorinos n. sp." = Protolabis coartatus6, Procamelus occidentalis6
"Protolabis coartatus" = Protolabis coartatus1 Stirton 1929 camel
"Protolabis notiochorinos n. sp." = Protolabis coartatus6 Stirton 1929 camel
UT-BEG 31132-332
Procamelus occidentalis6 Leidy 1858 camel
 Ungulata - Protoceratidae
Protoceratinae indet.9 protoceratid
Synthetoceras tricornatus6 Stirton 1932 protoceratid
 Ungulata - Gelocidae
Pseudoceras skinneri5 Frick 1937 ruminant
TMM 31132-4 partial dentary with dp4, -331 partial left dentary with m2-m3
 Ungulata - Palaeomerycidae
Cranioceras teres5 Cope 1874 ruminant
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Ramoceros ramosus5 Cope 1874 pronghorn
TMM 31132-73 partial horn