Pliohippus Marsh 1874 (horse)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae

Full reference: O. C. Marsh. 1874. Notice of new equine mammals from the Tertiary formation. American Journal of Science 7(39):247-258

Parent taxon: Equini according to B. J. MacFadden 1998

See also Carroll 1988, Cope 1879, Ferrusquía-Villafranca et al. 2014, Gidley 1903, Gidley 1904, Gidley 1907, Hulbert 1989, Kelly 1995, Matthew and Stirton 1930, Prado and Alberdi 1996, Prothero and Schoch 1989, Quinn 1955 and Stirton 1940

Sister taxa: Astrohippus, Boreohippidion, Calippus, Dinohippus, Equus, Haringtonhippus, Heteropliohippus, Hippidion, Parapliohippus, Pliohippina, Protohippina, Protohippus

Subtaxa: Pliohippus (Astrohippus) Pliohippus (Pliohippus) Pliohippus bakeri Pliohippus coalingensis Pliohippus fossulatus Pliohippus gracilis Pliohippus mirabilis Pliohippus nobilis Pliohippus pernix Pliohippus potosinus Pliohippus proversus Pliohippus spectans Pliohippus tantalus Pliohippus tehonensis

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Type: Pliohippus pernix

Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (1: Montana collection)

• Pliocene of United States (2: California)

• Hemphillian of United States (35: California, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (1: Oklahoma)

• Miocene of Mexico (1), United States (120: California, Colorado, Florida, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas)

Total: 160 collections including 165 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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