Schwandorf, Tagebaue Brueckelholz, BR-OF/S (Miocene of Germany)

Also known as Tagebaue Brueckelholz, Sandy layers

Where: Bayern, Germany (49.4° N, 12.2° E: paleocoordinates 49.6° N, 10.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Burdigalian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; unlithified sandstone and unlithified lignite

• Fossils are recovered from a small river within the "Ur-Naab" drainage. This is incised into Triassic bedrock. The channels are a few 10s of meters deep and 1-2 km wide. They vary considerably both laterally and vertically. The Brueckelholz channel includes pure sands, coals, mixed sands and coals, and "paper-thin, grey, diatomaceous, leaf coals" bespeaking great changes in flow regime.
• The two beds at Brueckelholz are a "Sandy Coal" which appears intercalated with a coal bed. These are overlain by the sands which contain the present flora. No mention of colors are made in the text. I remember the sands as light in color.

Size class: mesofossils

Preservation: original carbon

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

Primary reference: H.-J. Gregor. 1978. Die Miozaenan Frucht-und Samen-Floren die Oberpfaelzer Braunkohle. I. Funde aus den sandigen zwischenmitteln. Palaeontographica Abteilung B 167(1-3):8-103 [B. Tiffney/B. Tiffney/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 28284: authorized by Bruce Tiffney, entered by Bruce Tiffney on 03.02.2003, edited by Julia Fosdick

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Coniferales - Cupressaceae
Glyptostrobus europaeus Brongniart 1833 Chinese swamp cypress
 Laurales - Lauraceae
 Aquifoliales - Aquifoliaceae
 Cornales - Alangiaceae
 Cornales - Nyssaceae
 Cornales - Cornaceae
 Ranunculales - Menispermaceae
Parabaena europaea Czeczott and Skirgiello 1967
 Magnoliales - Magnoliaceae
 Ericales - Theaceae
 Vitales - Vitaceae
 Rosids - Moraceae
 Crossosomatales - Staphyleaceae
 Sapindales - Rutaceae
 Sapindales - Sapindaceae
Sapindoidea margaritifera Ludwig 1936 soapberry
Aesculus sp. Linnaeus 1753 soapberry
 Malpighiales - Euphorbiaceae
 Fagales - Juglandaceae
"Engelhardtia macroptera" = Engelhardia
 Fagales - Myricaceae
 Fagales - Fagaceae
Quercus sp. Linnaeus 1753 oak
 Rosales - Rosaceae
Pyrus sp. n. sp.
Pyrus sp. n. sp. Linnaeus 1753 pear
 Rosales - Pomaceae
 Rosales - Rhamnaceae
 Rosales - Cannabaceae
  - Mastixiaceae