Suborder Toxasterina Fischer 1966 (heart urchin)

Echinoidea - Spatangoida

Full reference: A. G. Fischer. 1966. Spatangoids. Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part U. Echinodermata. Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Boulder and Lawrence 3(2):U543-U628

Parent taxon: Spatangoida according to A. G. Fischer 1966

Sister taxa: Allotoxaster, Amoraster, Apoxypetalum, Archaeopneustes, Asterostomatina, Barnumia, Brissidina, Brissoides, Cagaster, Cestobrissus, Cottreaucorys, Echinocoridae, Enichaster, Gonzalezaster, Gymnopatagus, Hemiasteridae, Hemiasterina, Homoeopetalus, Hypselaster, Kertaster, Leymeriaster, Micrasterina, Mortensenaster, Mundaster, Murraypneustes, Neoproraster, Niponaster, Nudobrissus, Orthaster, Palaeostomidae, Paleopneustina, Paraheteraster, Peraspatangus, Peroniaster, Pictaviechinus, Pliotoxaster, Pseudogibbaster, Pseudolinthia, Pseudowashitaster, Pusillaster, Royasendia, Schizobrissus, Somalechinus, Somaliasteridae, Spatagobrissus, Tessieria, Toxasteridae, Wuarnia

Subtaxa: none

Ecology: slow-moving shallow infaunal deposit feeder-detritivore

Distribution: there are no occurrences of Toxasterina in the database

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