Clade Plesiometacarpalia (deer)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Cervidae

Parent taxon: Cervidae according to A. Hassanin and E. J. P. Douzery 2003

Sister taxa: Agalmaceros, Alcinae, Anoglochis, Antifer, Bretzia, Capreolinae, Cariacus, Cervalces, Cervavitulus, Cervina, Cervinae, Cervodama, Cervulus, Cervus guineensis, Charitoceros, Eocoileus, Epieuryceros, Euctenoceros, Eumeryx, Furcifer, Habromeryx, Lucentia, Megaceroides, Metacervulus, Moschina, Paraceros, Paracervulus, Paradicrocerus, Pliocervinae, Procervulus, Pseudaxis, Pudu, Sangamona, Sangamona fugitiva, Telemetacarpalia

Subtaxa: Cervini Muntiacini

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Canada (5: Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan, Yukon), China (22), Croatia (4), the Czech Republic (2), France (35), Georgia (1), Germany (21), Greece (19), Hungary (10), India (2), Indonesia (6), Israel (4), Italy (48), Japan (9), Kyrgyzstan (2), Monaco (6), the Netherlands (5), Pakistan (1), the Philippines (1), Portugal (2), Romania (7), the Russian Federation (5), Slovakia (1), Spain (24), Taiwan (3), Tajikistan (1), Thailand (2), Turkey (4), Turkmenistan (1), the United Kingdom (20), United States (52: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Michiagn, Michigan, Mississippi, Montana, New Mexico, Ohio, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia), Uzbekistan (1), Vietnam (2)

• Blancan of United States (5: California, Idaho)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Bulgaria (1), France (4), Greece (6), India (1), Italy (6), Nepal (1), Spain (2), Tajikistan (1), Turkey (1)

• Pliocene of Azerbaijan (1), China (2), France (5), Georgia (2), Greece (10), Hungary (7), India (4), Italy (5), Japan (2), Moldova (5), the Netherlands (1), Poland (3), Romania (15), the Russian Federation (2), Slovakia (3), Spain (3), Tajikistan (2), Turkey (1), Turkmenistan (1), Ukraine (9)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of the Netherlands (1), Spain (1)

• Neogene of Italy (1), Taiwan (7)

• Miocene of Austria (2), China (13), France (1), Germany (6), Italy (7), Moldova (2), Poland (3), Spain (7), Switzerland (1)

Total: 495 collections including 652 occurrences

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