Bretzia Fry and Gustafson 1974 (deer)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Cervidae

Full reference: W. E. Fry and E. P. Gustafson. 1974. Cervids from the Pliocene and Pleistocene of Central Washington. Journal of Paleontology 48(2)

Parent taxon: Cervidae according to G. V. Morejohn et al. 2005

See also Carroll 1988, Fry and Gustafson 1974, Grubb 2000, Kurten and Anderson 1980 and Webb 1998

Sister taxa: Agalmaceros, Alcinae, Anoglochis, Antifer, Capreolinae, Cariacus, Cervalces, Cervavitulus, Cervina, Cervinae, Cervodama, Cervulus, Cervus guineensis, Charitoceros, Eocoileus, Epieuryceros, Euctenoceros, Eumeryx, Furcifer, Habromeryx, Lucentia, Megaceroides, Metacervulus, Moschina, Paraceros, Paracervulus, Paradicrocerus, Plesiometacarpalia, Pliocervinae, Procervulus, Pseudaxis, Pudu, Sangamona, Sangamona fugitiva, Telemetacarpalia

Subtaxa: Bretzia nebrascensis Bretzia pseudalces

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser


• Blancan of United States (2: California, Washington collections)

• Hemphillian of United States (1: Nebraska)

Total: 3 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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