Subfamily Cervinae Goldfuss 1820 (deer)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Cervidae

Parent taxon: Cervidae according to I. Vislobokova 2009

See also Grubb 2000, Kurten and Anderson 1980, McKenna and Bell 1997 and Pitra et al. 2004

Sister taxa: Agalmaceros, Alcinae, Anoglochis, Antifer, Bretzia, Capreolinae, Cariacus, Cervalces, Cervavitulus, Cervina, Cervodama, Cervulus, Cervus guineensis, Charitoceros, Eocoileus, Epieuryceros, Euctenoceros, Eumeryx, Furcifer, Habromeryx, Lucentia, Megaceroides, Metacervulus, Moschina, Paraceros, Paracervulus, Paradicrocerus, Plesiometacarpalia, Pliocervinae, Procervulus, Pseudaxis, Pudu, Sangamona, Sangamona fugitiva, Telemetacarpalia

Subtaxa: Axis Dama Megacerini Torontoceros

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Ecology: ground dwelling grazer-browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (1: Ontario collection), China (5), Croatia (1), the Czech Republic (1), France (13), Georgia (2), Germany (18), Greece (18), Hungary (4), Israel (7), Italy (46), Japan (5), Malta (1), Monaco (1), Mongolia (1), the Netherlands (4), Romania (5), the Russian Federation (1), Spain (19), Syria (1), Tajikistan (1), Turkey (2), the United Kingdom (12)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (2), Spain (1), Tajikistan (1)

• Pliocene of China (1), France (2), Georgia (1), Hungary (3), Poland (1), Romania (3), Spain (3), Tajikistan (1)

• Miocene to Pleistocene of the Netherlands (1)

• Miocene of China (1)

Total: 190 collections including 227 occurrences

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