Pitar (Pitar) Römer 1857 (venus clam)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Veneridae

Parent taxon: Pitar according to A. J. W. Hendy 2017

See also da Silva Forti 1969, Marasti 1973, Moore 1976, Pacaud and Le Renard 1995, Rosenberg et al. 2006 and Stenzel et al. 1957

Sister taxa: Meretrix (Pitar) dalikiensis, Pitar (Calpitaria), Pitar (Chionella), Pitar (Cordiopsis), Pitar (Costellipitar), Pitar (Hyphantosoma), Pitar (Lamelliconcha), Pitar (Nanopitar), Pitar (Paradione), Pitar (Pitar) nuttali, Pitar (Pitarenus), Pitar (Pitarina), Pitar addicotti, Pitar albidus, Pitar baylii, Pitar cedroensis, Pitar colchaguana, Pitar cordatus, Pitar mancorensis, Pitar morrhuanus, Pitar murphyi, Pitar palmeri, Pitar parisiensis, Pitar petropolitanus, Pitar porrecta, Pitar rostratus, Pitar salanga, Pitar sciaena, Pitar securiformis, Pitar simpsoni, Pitar sorachiensis, Pitar subarestus, Pitar transversus, Cytherea (Caryatis) pratti

Subtaxa: Pitar (Pitar) angelinae Pitar (Pitar) calvimontana Pitar (Pitar) carmenensis Pitar (Pitar) cercadica Pitar (Pitar) consanguineus Pitar (Pitar) corbulina Pitar (Pitar) coroanus Pitar (Pitar) dalli Pitar (Pitar) dinotus Pitar (Pitar) distincta Pitar (Pitar) euglyptus Pitar (Pitar) gabrielensis Pitar (Pitar) helenae Pitar (Pitar) newcombinanus Pitar (Pitar) ovatus Pitar (Pitar) quirosanus Pitar (Pitar) rudis Pitar (Pitar) sapotanus Pitar (Pitar) tumens Pitar (Pitar) yasila

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Type: Cytherea tumens

Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (1 collection), Italy (2), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), Spain (2), United States (1: South Carolina)

• Pliocene of Belgium (5), Colombia (1), the Dominican Republic (1), Ecuador (4), Italy (4), Jamaica (2), Panama (1), the United Kingdom (6), Venezuela (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (3)

• Miocene of Argentina (2), Brazil (1), Bulgaria (4), Colombia (1), the Dominican Republic (2), Italy (2), Morocco (3), Panama (14), Peru (1), United States (1: Florida), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene of United States (8: Alaska, California, Oregon)

• Eocene of Colombia (2), Panama (3), United States (53: Alabama, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia)

• Paleocene of United States (27: Alabama, Maryland, New Jersey, Texas, Virginia)

Total: 161 collections including 168 occurrences

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