Purpura Bruguière 1789 (murex snail)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Muricidae

Parent taxon: Muricidae according to M. Harzhauser 2002

See also Chiesa et al. 1995, Sellards 1917, Sepkoski 2002, Todd 2001 and Wilson 1994

Sister taxa: Acanthotrophon, Aspella, Atractodon, Attiliosa, Austrotrophon, Babelomurex, Boreotrophon, Calothrophon, Calotrophon, Cathymorula, Coralliophilinae, Cymia, Dermomurex, Drupinae, Eofavartia, Ergalataxinae, Favartia, Hadriania, Haustrinae, Heteropurpura, Hexaplex, Homalocantha, Jaton, Lyrotyphis, Monoceros, Morula, Murexiella, Murexsul, Muricanthus, Muricidea, Muricinae, Muricopsinae, Muricopsis, Murotriton, Nucella, Nucellopsis, Ocenebra, Ocenebrinae, Ocinebrina, Ocinebrinae, Odontopolys, Orania, Pagodula, Phyllocoma, Ponderia, Pterochelus, Pteropurpura, Pterorhytis, Pterotyphis, Pterymarchia, Pterynotus, Purpurellus, Pygmaepterys, Rapaninae, Reishia, Siphonochelus, Spinidrupa, Spinucella, Thaidinae, Thais, Trachypollia, Tripterotyphinae, Trophoninae, Typhinae, Typhinellus, Typhis, Vitularia, Yasila, Yunomys

Subtaxa: Purpura (Thalessa) Purpura (Tritonalia) Purpura alata Purpura bufo Purpura bufo Purpura depressa Purpura foliata Purpura mancinella Purpura milicentana Purpura singuensis Purpura turrita Purpura umbilicata

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Type: Purpura foliata

Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Djibouti (1 collection), Ecuador (1), Eritrea (1), Japan (3), Mexico (9), Morocco (5), Pakistan (1), South Africa (2), Spain (1), United States (6: California, Florida, Hawaii, Oregon), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (2: Oregon, Washington)

• Pliocene of Mexico (1), Pakistan (2), United States (5: Alaska, California, Florida, North Carolina), Venezuela (2)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), Austria (1), Greece (2), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), United States (4: California)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene of Germany (1), Myanmar (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (3: California)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Argentina (2)

• Eocene of Indonesia (2), Italy (1)

• Cretaceous of Hungary (1)

Total: 68 collections including 86 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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