Subfamily Rapaninae Gray 1853 (murex snail)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Muricidae

Parent taxon: Muricidae according to P. Bouchet et al. 2005

See also DeVries 2000, MacNeil 1960, Sohl 1964, Sohl 1964, Vermeij and Herbert 2004 and Ward 1992

Sister taxa: Acanthotrophon, Aspella, Atractodon, Attiliosa, Austrotrophon, Babelomurex, Boreotrophon, Calothrophon, Calotrophon, Cathymorula, Coralliophilinae, Cymia, Dermomurex, Drupinae, Eofavartia, Ergalataxinae, Favartia, Hadriania, Haustrinae, Heteropurpura, Hexaplex, Homalocantha, Jaton, Lyrotyphis, Monoceros, Morula, Murexiella, Murexsul, Muricanthus, Muricidea, Muricinae, Muricopsinae, Muricopsis, Murotriton, Nucella, Nucellopsis, Ocenebra, Ocenebrinae, Ocinebrina, Ocinebrinae, Odontopolys, Orania, Pagodula, Phyllocoma, Ponderia, Pterochelus, Pteropurpura, Pterorhytis, Pterotyphis, Pterymarchia, Pterynotus, Purpura, Purpurellus, Pygmaepterys, Reishia, Siphonochelus, Spinidrupa, Spinucella, Thaidinae, Thais, Trachypollia, Tripterotyphinae, Trophoninae, Typhinae, Typhinellus, Typhis, Vitularia, Yasila, Yunomys

Subtaxa: Concholepas Ecphora Indothais Neorapana Rapana Sargana Stramonita Thaisella Tritonopsis

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Angola (1 collection), Bermuda (1), Chile (1), Costa Rica (1), Japan (11), Mexico (8), Namibia (5), Peru (7), Portugal (6), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (1), Spain (9), Taiwan (2), Thailand (2), United States (15: California, Florida, Louisiana, Maryland, New Jersey), Uruguay (2), Venezuela (1)

• Pliocene of Chile (4), Costa Rica (2), Iran (1), Jamaica (1), Pakistan (3), Peru (23), Trinidad and Tobago (6), United States (29: California, Florida, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (5)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (3)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), Austria (1), Chile (1), the Dominican Republic (1), Fiji (1), Greece (2), Mexico (6), Pakistan (3), Panama (2), Peru (9), Poland (1), Romania (1), Trinidad and Tobago (2), United States (87: California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (5: Florida, Georgia)

• Oligocene of Germany (1), United States (19: California, North Carolina, Virginia)

• Eocene of Peru (1)

• Paleocene of Nigeria (1)

• Cretaceous of United States (53: Alabama, Delaware, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas)

Total: 350 collections including 394 occurrences

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