Subfamily Trophoninae Cossmann 1903 (murex snail)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Muricidae

Parent taxon: Muricidae according to K. I. Schnetler and E. Palm 2008

See also Beu et al. 1990, Bouchet et al. 2005, Chiesa et al. 1995, DeVries 2005, DeVries 2005, Ponder and Warén 1988 and Wilson 1994

Sister taxa: Acanthotrophon, Aspella, Atractodon, Attiliosa, Austrotrophon, Babelomurex, Boreotrophon, Calothrophon, Calotrophon, Cathymorula, Coralliophilinae, Cymia, Dermomurex, Drupinae, Eofavartia, Ergalataxinae, Favartia, Hadriania, Haustrinae, Heteropurpura, Hexaplex, Homalocantha, Jaton, Lyrotyphis, Monoceros, Morula, Murexiella, Murexsul, Muricanthus, Muricidea, Muricinae, Muricopsinae, Muricopsis, Murotriton, Nucella, Nucellopsis, Ocenebra, Ocenebrinae, Ocinebrina, Ocinebrinae, Odontopolys, Orania, Pagodula, Phyllocoma, Ponderia, Pterochelus, Pteropurpura, Pterorhytis, Pterotyphis, Pterymarchia, Pterynotus, Purpura, Purpurellus, Pygmaepterys, Rapaninae, Reishia, Siphonochelus, Spinidrupa, Spinucella, Thaidinae, Thais, Trachypollia, Tripterotyphinae, Typhinae, Typhinellus, Typhis, Vitularia, Yasila, Yunomys

Subtaxa: Anatrophon Apixystus Benthoxystus Chesatrophon Enatimene Enixotrophon Eopaziella Gemixystus Lenitrophon Litozamia Paratrophon Scabrotrophon Terefundus Trophon Vesanula Xanthochorus Xenotrophon Xymene Xymenopsis

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antarctica (1 collection), Argentina (15), Chile (1), Greenland (6), Iceland (3), India (1), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Japan (2), New Zealand (1), Peru (4), the United Kingdom (3), United States (6: California, Florida, Oregon)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (1), Belgium (2), Chile (11), Ecuador (1), India (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), Peru (18), South Africa (1), the United Kingdom (11)

• Miocene of Argentina (17), Australia (3), Chile (2), Denmark (1), India (3), Italy (1), Mexico (1), New Zealand (7), Peru (1), United States (10: California, Maryland, Oregon)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene to Pliocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene of Argentina (4), Austria (1), Denmark (5), France (9), Hungary (2), New Zealand (2), United States (3: California, Washington)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (5: Oregon)

• Eocene of Antarctica (5), Mexico (1), New Zealand (1), United States (9: Alabama, Oregon)

• Paleocene of Greenland (3), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (2: Alabama)

• Cretaceous of Germany (1), South Africa (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (1: California)

Total: 201 collections including 281 occurrences

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