Subfamily Ocenebrinae Cossmann 1903 (murex snail)

Gastropoda - Neogastropoda - Muricidae

Parent taxon: Muricidae according to B. Landau and C. Marques da Silva 2010

See also Bouchet et al. 2005, DeVries 2003, DeVries 2005, DeVries 2005, DeVries and Vermeij 1997, Harzhauser 2004 and Petuch 1988

Sister taxa: Acanthotrophon, Aspella, Atractodon, Attiliosa, Austrotrophon, Babelomurex, Boreotrophon, Calothrophon, Calotrophon, Cathymorula, Coralliophilinae, Cymia, Dermomurex, Drupinae, Eofavartia, Ergalataxinae, Favartia, Hadriania, Haustrinae, Heteropurpura, Hexaplex, Homalocantha, Jaton, Lyrotyphis, Monoceros, Morula, Murexiella, Murexsul, Muricanthus, Muricidea, Muricinae, Muricopsinae, Muricopsis, Murotriton, Nucella, Nucellopsis, Ocenebra, Ocinebrina, Ocinebrinae, Odontopolys, Orania, Pagodula, Phyllocoma, Ponderia, Pterochelus, Pteropurpura, Pterorhytis, Pterotyphis, Pterymarchia, Pterynotus, Purpura, Purpurellus, Pygmaepterys, Rapaninae, Reishia, Siphonochelus, Spinidrupa, Spinucella, Thaidinae, Thais, Trachypollia, Tripterotyphinae, Trophoninae, Typhinae, Typhinellus, Typhis, Vitularia, Yasila, Yunomys

Subtaxa: Acanthina Califostoma Carhuaspina Crassilabrum Eupleura Forreria Herminespina Jsowerbya Kestocenebra Mariasalpinx Muregina Pterorytis Pterynopsis Tactilispina Urosalpinx Vokesinotus

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (3 collections), Chile (2), Ecuador (1), Mexico (14), Morocco (1), Panama (1), Peru (6), Spain (2), United States (88: California, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Uruguay (1)

• Blancan of United States (1: California)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of United States (2: Florida)

• Pliocene of Belgium (2), Chile (6), Ecuador (1), Mexico (5), Peru (24), United States (27: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Argentina (4), Australia (1), Chile (4), Colombia (23), the Dominican Republic (1), Ecuador (2), France (1), Germany (1), Mexico (3), Panama (32), Peru (20), Trinidad and Tobago (7), United States (36: California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, Virginia), Venezuela (4)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), United States (4: Florida)

• Oligocene of Germany (1), Greece (1), Peru (1), United States (3: Mississippi)

• Eocene of France (2), the United Kingdom (1), United States (3: California, Washington)

• Paleocene of Denmark (5), United States (7: Alabama, Texas)

Total: 358 collections including 453 occurrences

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