Family Echinometridae Gray 1855 (sea urchin)

Echinoidea - Camarodonta - Echinometridae

Alternative spelling: Echinometradae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1855. Catalogue of the Recent Echinida, or Sea Eggs, in the Collection of the British Museum. Part I. Echinida Irregularia. Woodfall & Kinder, London 1-69

Parent taxon: Odontophora according to A. Kroh and A. B. Smith 2010

See also Donovan et al. 2005, Fell and Pawson 1966 and Smith 2009

Sister taxa: Strongylocentrotidae, Toxopneustidae

Subtaxa: Echinometra Evechinus Heterocentrotus Hipponoe

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Type: Echinometra

Ecology: epifaunal grazer-deposit feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Belize (1 collection), Egypt (3), Eritrea (1), French Polynesia (1), Jamaica (1), Mauritius (1), Mexico (1), United States (2: Florida, Hawaii), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Egypt (1)

• Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (1), Egypt (1), Fiji (3), United States (2: California, Florida)

• Miocene of Fiji (1), Jamaica (1), Northern Mariana Islands (1)

Total: 23 collections each including a single occurrence

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