Family Crotalidae Oppel 1811 (pit viper)

Reptilia - Squamata - Crotalidae

Alternative spelling: Crotalinae

Full reference: M. Oppel. 1811. Die Ordnungen, Familien und Gattungen der Reptilien als Prodom einer Naturgeschichte Derselben. Joseph Lindauer, M√ľnchen xii-86

Parent taxon: Colubroidea according to O. W. M. Kuhn 1966

See also Cope 1871, Cope 1875, Gadow 1898, Hay 1902, Kuhn 1946, Olson 1940, Oppel 1811, Parmley and Holman 2007, Parmley and Hunter 2010 and Zittel 1890

Sister taxa: Colubridae, Elapidae, Headonophis, Hydrophidae, Procerophis, Renenutet, Rhabdosomidae, Russellopheidae, Vectophis

Subtaxa: Agkistrodon Aploaspis Caudisonia Crotalus Gloydius Sistrurus Trimeresurus Viperinae

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Type: Crotalus

Ecology: carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Belgium (1 collection), Bolivia (1), China (2), France (8), Georgia (2), Germany (2), Greece (4), the Netherlands (1), Poland (9), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (11), Tanzania (4), the United Kingdom (5), United States (68: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)

• Blancan of Mexico (1), United States (9: Kansas, Nebraska, Washington)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1), Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Armenia (1), France (1), Greece (1), Hungary (2), Italy (1), Moldova (1), Morocco (1), Poland (4), the Russian Federation (1), Spain (8), Tanzania (3), Ukraine (5)

• MN 13 of Hungary (1), Ukraine (3)

• Hemphillian of United States (6: Nebraska, Oklahoma, Tennessee)

• Miocene of Austria (2), the Czech Republic (4), France (10), Georgia (1), Germany (13), Greece (1), Hungary (8), Italy (4), Japan (1), Kazakhstan (1), Moldova (1), Morocco (1), Namibia (1), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Romania (3), the Russian Federation (2), Slovakia (1), Spain (3), Ukraine (7), United States (6: Delaware, Florida, Nebraska, Wyoming)

Total: 242 collections including 311 occurrences

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