Metaxytherium de Christol 1840 (dugong)

Mammalia - Sirenia - Dugongidae

Alternative spelling: Metaxitherium

Synonyms: Cheirotherium Bruno 1839, Chirotherium Bruno 1839, Felsinotherium Capellini 1872, Fucotherium Kaup 1840, Furcotherium Kaup 1840, Halianassa, Halysiren Kretzoi 1941, Haplosiren Kretzoi 1951, Hesperosiren Simpson 1932, Pontotherium Kaup 1840, Thalattosiren Sickenberg 1928

Full reference: J. de Christol. 1840. Nouveau genre de Cetace fossile. L'Institute 8th year(352):322-323

Parent taxon: Dugongidae according to M. Voss 2014

See also Abel 1919, Aranda-Manteca et al. 1994, Bergqvist et al. 1999, Berta 2017, Bronn 1853, Bruno 1839, Carroll 1988, Daxner-Hoeck 1971, de Christol 1840, de Muizon and Domning 1985, Domning 1978, Domning 1987, Domning 1988, Domning 1994, Domning 1996, Domning 2008, Domning 2018, Domning 2018, Domning and Pervesler 2012, Flores 1895, Gill 1872, Ginsburg and Janvier 1975, Hastings and Dooley 2017, Hay 1930, Heal 1973, Kaup 1840, Kretzoi 1941, Kretzoi 1951, Lydekker 1887, Palmer 1904, Pictet 1853, PIlleri 1988, Pilleri et al. 1989, Reinhart 1959, Reinhart 1976, Sach and Heizmann 2001, Sepkoski 2002, Sherman 1952, Simpson 1932, Sorbi et al. 2012, Toledo and Domning 1991, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, Velez-Juarbe et al. 2012, Voss and Hampe 2017, Woodward 1885 and Zittel 1925

Sister taxa: Anisosiren, Caribosiren, Dugonginae, Eosiren, Eotheroides, Halitheriinae, Halitherium, Halitherium alleni, Halitherium antillense, Halitherium taulannense, Hydrodamalinae, Indosiren, Kaupitherium, Lentiarenium, Miodugong, Nanosiren, Paralitherium, Priscosiren, Prohalicore, Rytiodinae, Sirenavus, Trachytherium

Subtaxa: Felsinotherium gunteri Metaxytherium albifontanum Metaxytherium aquitaniae Metaxytherium arctodites Metaxytherium beaumontii Metaxytherium crataegense Metaxytherium floridanum Metaxytherium krahuletzi Metaxytherium lovisati Metaxytherium medium Metaxytherium meyeri Metaxytherium riveroi Metaxytherium serresii Metaxytherium subapenninum

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Ecology: aquatic herbivore

Distribution:

• Pliocene of France (2 collections), Italy (19), Libya (11), Morocco (1), Spain (3)

• Hemphillian of United States (2: Florida)

• Miocene of Argentina (1), Austria (33), Brazil (3), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (1), France (19), Germany (4), Greece (13), Hungary (1), India (2), Italy (16), Libya (9), Malta (3), Mexico (1), Moldova (1), the Netherlands (1), Peru (1), Slovakia (2), Spain (8), Sri Lanka (1), Switzerland (3), Tunisia (1), United States (26: California, Florida, Maryland, Virginia)

• Neogene of United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Switzerland (1)

• Oligocene of India (1), United States (3: Florida, South Carolina)

Total: 195 collections including 205 occurrences

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