Family Pelobatidae Lataste 1879 (spadefoot toad)

Osteichthyes - Salientia - Pelobatidae

Parent taxon: Pelobatoidea according to J. Chen et al. 2016

See also Böhme 2008, Böhme 2010, Carroll 1988, Estes 1964, Estes and Berberian 1970, Evans and Milner 1993, Frank and Ramus 1996, Gao and Wang 2001, Gissi et al. 2006, Henrici 2009, Henrici and Haynes 2006, Hoegg et al. 2004, Kuhn 1946, McGrew et al. 1959 and Venczel and Stiuca 2008

Sister taxa: Megophryidae, Pelodytidae, Scaphiopodidae

Subtaxa: Elkobatrachus Enigmatosaurus Eopelobates Leptobrachium Macropelobates Miopelobates Pelobates Scaphiopus Spea

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Ecology: amphibious carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Austria (1 collection), Croatia (1), France (6), Germany (1), Greece (2), Hungary (10), the Netherlands (1), Poland (2), Spain (6), the United Kingdom (1), United States (33: Arizona, Colorado, Florida, Kansas, New Mexico, Texas, Virginia)

• Blancan of United States (2: Kansas)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1)

• Pliocene of Greece (1), Hungary (4), Italy (1), Poland (2), Turkey (1)

• Hemphillian of United States (3: Arizona, Nebraska)

• Miocene of Austria (2), Canada (1: Saskatchewan), Germany (4), Hungary (9), Romania (1), Slovakia (1), Turkey (1), United States (13: Florida, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, South Dakota)

• Harrisonian of United States (1: Nebraska)

• Oligocene of Belgium (2), France (2), Germany (4), Mongolia (1), United States (2: Florida, South Dakota)

• Eocene of Canada (1: Saskatchewan), France (12), Germany (1), India (2), Portugal (1), Switzerland (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (8: California, Georgia, Nevada, South Dakota)

• Cretaceous of India (5), Madagascar (1), Romania (1), Tajikistan (1), United States (11: Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, Utah, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of United States (1: Wyoming)

Total: 170 collections including 186 occurrences

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