Family Vespertilionidae Gray 1821 (vesper bat)

Mammalia - Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1821. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals. The London Medical Repository Monthly Journal and Review 15:296-310

Parent taxon: Vespertilionoidea according to A. Ravel et al. 2016

See also Bonaparte 1850, Carroll 1988, Cope 1889, Czaplewski 1991, Flower 1883, Flower and Lydekker 1891, Gray 1821, Gray 1825, Korth and Evander 2016, Kurten 1968, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Nowak 1991 and Sherman 1952

Sister taxa: Chambinycteris, Drakonycteris

Subtaxa: Ancenycteris Barbastella Chadronycteris Chamtwaria Corynorhinus Eptesicus Ia Karstala Khonsunycteris Lasionycteris Lasiurus Miniopterus Miomyotis Miostrellus Murina Myotis Noctilioninia Nyctalus Nycticeius Nyctophylinae Oligomyotis Paleptesicus Phyllostomina Pipistrellus Plionycteris Potamonycteris Pteropina Rhinolophina Rhogeessa Scotomanes Scotophilus Shanwangia Simonycteris Stehlinia Suaptenos Tylonycteris Vespertilio Vespertilionae Vespertilionina

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Ecology: volant omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (8 collections), Austria (1), the Bahamas (4), Belgium (1), Bermuda (2), Brazil (1), Canada (1: British Columbia), China (2), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Cuba (2), the Czech Republic (3), Ecuador (2), France (4), Germany (2), Greece (2), Hungary (7), Israel (4), Italy (12), Japan (1), Madagascar (1), Mexico (3), Peru (1), the Philippines (4), Poland (1), Romania (1), South Africa (3), Spain (7), the United Kingdom (1), United States (76: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia), Venezuela (2), Zambia (3)

• Blancan of United States (14: Arizona, California, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, Texas)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Kenya (1), South Africa (1)

• Pliocene of Austria (1), China (1), Hungary (2), Italy (1), Poland (2), South Africa (2), Spain (2), Turkey (1)

• MN 13 of France (1)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (1), United States (7: Arizona, Florida, Nevada, Oregon, Texas)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Greece (1), South Africa (1)

• Miocene of Austria (6), China (9), Colombia (1), France (1), Germany (5), Hungary (1), Libya (1), Morocco (1), Portugal (1), Slovakia (1), Spain (2), Switzerland (3), Thailand (1), Turkey (1), United States (20: Delaware, Florida, Kansas, Louisiana, Montana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Oregon)

• Harrisonian of United States (1: Florida)

• Arikareean of United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene of Belgium (1), Egypt (1), France (3), Germany (1), United States (5: Colorado, Florida, Montana, Nebraska)

• Eocene to Oligocene of France (1)

• Eocene of France (5), Switzerland (3), Tunisia (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (2: Nebraska)

Total: 282 collections including 588 occurrences

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