Vulpes Frisch 1775 (fox)

Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae

Parent taxon: Canidae according to D. Geraads et al. 2015

See also Carroll 1988, Geraads 1997, Hall 1981, Kurten 1968, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Schultz and Howard 1935, Tedford et al. 2009, Werdelin and Peigne 2010 and Wilson and Reeder 1993

Sister taxa: Alopex, Amphicyon angustidens, Atelocynus, Borophaginae, Caninae, Chailicyon, Cubacyon, Cynodictis, Cynotherium, Dusicyon, Dysodus, Gobicyon, Hesperocyoninae, Lycaon, Neovulpavus, Nyctereutes, Otocyon, Otocyoninae, Plesiocyon, Protemnocyon, Protocyon, Prototocyon, Speothos, Synagodus

Subtaxa: Vulpes alopecoides Vulpes alopex Vulpes cascadensis Vulpes chama Vulpes corsac Vulpes kernensis Vulpes mathisoni Vulpes praecorsac Vulpes rueppellii Vulpes stenognathus Vulpes velox Vulpes vulgaris Vulpes vulpes

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore-omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Algeria (1 collection), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Canada (3: Alberta, Saskatchewan), China (3), the Czech Republic (3), Egypt (3), France (11), Georgia (1), Germany (3), Greece (12), Hungary (5), Israel (4), Italy (18), Japan (3), Libya (2), Mexico (4), Monaco (1), Morocco (4), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (3), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (18), Spain (9), Turkey (4), the United Kingdom (4), United States (49: Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Florida, Idaho, Iowa, Kansas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia, Wyoming)

• Blancan of United States (2: California, Texas)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Bulgaria (1), France (1), Greece (3), Hungary (1), South Africa (1), Tajikistan (1)

• Pliocene of Afghanistan (1), China (1), Ethiopia (1), France (1), Greece (2), Hungary (4), Moldova (1), Morocco (1), Romania (1), South Africa (4), Spain (2), Tanzania (2), Turkey (1), Ukraine (1)

• Hemphillian of Mexico (1), United States (21: Arizona, California, Colorado, Indiana, Kansas, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Oregon, Texas)

• Miocene to Pliocene of South Africa (1)

• Miocene of Spain (1), United States (3: California, Florida, Nebraska)

Total: 235 collections including 251 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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