Family Tapiridae Gray 1821 (tapir)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Tapiridae

Alternative spelling: Tapirina

Full reference: J. E. Gray. 1821. On the natural arrangement of vertebrose animals. The London Medical Repository Monthly Journal and Review 15:296-310

Parent taxon: Tapiroidea according to M. W. Colbert 2005

See also Bonaparte 1850, Carroll 1988, Cope 1881, Cope 1889, Eshelman et al. 2018, Flower 1883, Flower and Lydekker 1891, Gray 1821, Gray 1825, Holanda et al. 2011, Holbrook 1999, Hulbert 2010, Hulbert and Whitmore 2006, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Nowak 1991, Prothero and Schoch 1989, Radinsky 1963, Sach and Heizmann 2001 and Schoch 1984

Sister taxa: Deperetellidae, Euryletes, Haagella, Helaletes, Helaletidae, Heptodon, Heptodontidae, Hesperaletes, Thuliadanta

Subtaxa: Colodon Dilophodon Eotapirus Heteraletes Miotapirus Nexuotapirus Palaeotapirus Paratapirus Plesiocolopirus Plesiotapirus Protapirus Tapiravus Tapirella Tapirinae Tapiriscus Tapirus Teleolophus

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Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (2 collections), Bolivia (2), Brazil (10), China (11), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), France (1), Guatemala (1), Indonesia (4), Mexico (1), Panama (1), Peru (3), the United Kingdom (1), United States (110: Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia), Uruguay (2), Venezuela (2), Vietnam (2)

• Blancan of Mexico (2), United States (24: California, Colorado, Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, Texas)

• Pliocene of Argentina (1), France (2), Greece (2), Hungary (1), Italy (8), Moldova (1), Romania (5), the Russian Federation (2), Slovakia (4), Spain (1), United States (3: California, Florida, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of United States (15: Alabama, California, Florida, Nebraska, Tennessee)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Neogene of Slovakia (1)

• Miocene of Austria (2), China (2), France (6), Germany (2), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), Slovakia (1), Spain (1), Switzerland (7), Turkey (1), United States (44: California, Florida, Kansas, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Wyoming), Vietnam (1)

• Harrisonian of United States (6: Florida, Nebraska, Wyoming)

• Arikareean of United States (3: Oregon, South Dakota)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Kazakhstan (2), Switzerland (1)

• Oligocene of Belgium (1), Canada (1: Saskatchewan), China (1), France (3), Georgia (1), Germany (4), Kazakhstan (1), Switzerland (6), United States (23: Nebraska, Oregon, South Dakota)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Kazakhstan (1), North Korea (1)

• Eocene of Canada (7: Saskatchewan), China (9), Japan (3), Kazakhstan (3), Kyrgyzstan (5), Mongolia (7), North Korea (1), Pakistan (1), United States (46: California, Colorado, Montana, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wyoming)

Total: 436 collections including 464 occurrences

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