Subfamily Natricinae Bonaparte 1838 (colubrid snake)

Reptilia - Squamata - Colubridae

Parent taxon: Colubridae according to O. W. M. Kuhn 1966

See also Cernansky et al. 2015, Parmley and Holman 1995, Parmley and Hunter 2010, Underwood 1967 and Venczel and Stiuca 2008

Sister taxa: Abastor, Aglypha, Bascanium, Carphophis, Cemophora, Chilomeniscus, Chionactis, Coluber owenii, Colubrinae, Coniophanes, Contia, Cyclophis, Diadophis, Dipsadinae, Dromicus, Dryinoides, Eutaenia, Farancia, Gyalopion, Haldea, Helicops, Hierophis, Hispanophis, Homalopsinae, Hypsiglena, Leioheterodon, Lodia, Malpolon, Mionatrix, Ophibolus, Opisthoglypha, Osceola, Palaelaphis, Palaeomalpolon, Palaeonatrix, Paleofarancia, Paraoxybelis, Phimothyra, Pollackophis, Proteroglypha, Pseudoboa, Pseudocemophora, Pylmophis, Rhinechis, Rhinocheilus, Sibon, Sonora, Spilotes, Storeria, Tachyophis, Tantilla, Thamnophis, Trimorphodon, Tropidoclonium, Tropidonotus, Xenodontinae, Zamenis

Subtaxa: Clonophis Micronatrix Natrix Neonatrix Nerodia Paleonatrix Regina Seminatrix Tropidoclonion Virginia

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Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Croatia (1 collection), France (6), Georgia (3), Germany (15), Greece (7), Italy (8), the Netherlands (1), Poland (12), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (3), the United Kingdom (16), United States (45: Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Missouri, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Sussex, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia)

• Blancan of United States (12: Arizona, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of France (1)

• Pliocene of Austria (1), Germany (1), Greece (1), Hungary (4), Poland (5), Slovakia (2), Spain (1), Ukraine (2)

• MN 13 of Hungary (1)

• Hemphillian of United States (5: Florida, Indiana, Nebraska, Tennessee)

• Miocene of Austria (3), the Czech Republic (4), France (7), Georgia (1), Germany (10), Greece (3), Hungary (11), Italy (1), Mongolia (1), Namibia (1), Poland (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (1), Slovakia (2), Spain (1), Thailand (1), Turkey (1), Ukraine (3), United States (20: Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota, Texas, Wyoming)

• Oligocene of France (2)

• Eocene to Miocene of France (1)

Total: 230 collections including 327 occurrences

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