Thamnophis Fitzinger 1843 (garter snake)

Reptilia - Squamata - Colubridae

Synonym: Chilopoma Cope 1875

Parent taxon: Colubridae according to E. D. Cope 1875

See also Behler and King 1979, Holman 1985, Osborn 1930, Parmley and Holman 1995 and Parmley and Hunter 2010

Sister taxa: Abastor, Aglypha, Bascanium, Carphophis, Cemophora, Chilomeniscus, Chionactis, Coluber owenii, Coniophanes, Contia, Cyclophis, Diadophis, Dipsadinae, Dromicus, Dryinoides, Eutaenia, Farancia, Gyalopion, Haldea, Helicops, Hierophis, Hispanophis, Hypsiglena, Leioheterodon, Lodia, Malpolon, Mionatrix, Natricinae, Ophibolus, Opisthoglypha, Osceola, Palaelaphis, Palaeomalpolon, Palaeonatrix, Paleofarancia, Paraoxybelis, Phimothyra, Pollackophis, Proteroglypha, Pseudoboa, Pseudocemophora, Pylmophis, Rhinechis, Rhinocheilus, Sibon, Sonora, Spilotes, Storeria, Tachyophis, Tantilla, Trimorphodon, Tropidoclonium, Tropidonotus, Xenodontinae, Zamenis

Subtaxa: Thamnophis sirtalis

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Ecology: amphibious carnivore-piscivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (49: Alabama, California, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia collections)

• Blancan of United States (14: Arizona, Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, Washington)

• Hemphillian of United States (8: Arizona, Indiana, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Texas)

• Miocene of United States (10: Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota)

Total: 81 collections including 98 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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