Family Clupeidae Bleeker 1859 (hering)

Actinopteri - Clupeiformes - Clupeoidei

Parent taxon: Clupeoidei according to R. Betancur-R et al. 2013

See also Applegate 1970, Bannikov 2014, Carnevale 2007, Carnevale and Godfrey 2118, Danil'chenko 1960, David 1943, Gaemers 1984, Grande 1982, Jordan 1921, Jordan 1963, Khajuria and Prasad 1998, Marramá and Carnevale 2015, Murray et al. 2005, Přikryl et al. 2016, Purdy et al. 2001, Thurmond and Jones 1981 and Weiler 1938

Sister taxa: Ancylostylidae, Chirocentridae, Clupavidae, Clupeoidea, Cromeriidae, Dorosomidae, Dussumieriidae, Engraulidae, Erythrinolepidae, Macristiidae, Notogoneidae, Phractolaemidae, Pristigasteridae

Subtaxa: Alisea Alosa Alosinae Audenaerdia Bolcaichthys Chasmoclupea Clupea Clupeidarum Clupeinae Diradias Dorosomatinae Engraulis Epelichthys Etrumeus Ganoessus Ganolytes Lembicus Nolfia Opisthonema Pellonula Pellonulinae Pomolobus Quisque Sardina Sardinella Trollichthys Wisslerius Xenophanis Xenothrissa Xyne Xyrinius

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Ecology: nektonic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Canada (1: Newfoundland and Labrador collection), Italy (2), Japan (1), United States (4: California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Cyprus (1), Greece (1), Italy (3), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Miocene of Algeria (4), Austria (1), Azerbaijan (4), Cyprus (1), Germany (1), Greece (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (6), Japan (10), Kazakhstan (1), North Korea (1), Panama (1), Peru (6), the Russian Federation (2), Ukraine (1), United States (20: California)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Georgia (1), the Russian Federation (1)

• Oligocene of Azerbaijan (1), Belgium (1), the Czech Republic (3), Egypt (1), Georgia (1), Germany (3), Hungary (2), Poland (1), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (1), United States (1: Louisiana)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Argentina (1)

• Eocene of Germany (1), Italy (2), Peru (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (9: California, Wyoming)

• Paleocene of Denmark (1), Mexico (1)

• Cretaceous of Antarctica (1), Brazil (2), India (3), Portugal (1)

Total: 123 collections including 199 occurrences

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