Family Caryophylliidae Gray 1847 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae

Parent taxon: Caryophylliicae according to J. W. Wells 1956

Sister taxa: none

Subtaxa: Annoticyathus Anomocora Antillocyathus Asterosmilia Aulocyathus Axocyathus Bourneotrochus Caryophylliinae Caryosmilia Ceratotrochus Citharocyathus Coelosmilia Coenocyathus Conotrochus Crispatotrochus Cyathoceras Dasmosmilia Deltocyathus Desmophyllinae Discoidocyathus Eusmiliinae Goniocorella Helloceras Heterocyathus Kraterostrobilos Lophelia Odontocyathoides Oxysmilia Paracyathus Parasmiliinae Parasmilinae Polycyathus Solenosmilia Thecocyathinae Trochocyathus Turbinoliinae Vaughanella Vielicyathus

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Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal microcarnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (2 collections), Egypt (1), Fiji (1), Greece (12), India (1), Indonesia (2), Ireland (2), Italy (3), Japan (8), Kenya (2), Maldives (2), New Zealand (1), North Atlantic (2), Panama (1), Taiwan (2), United States (4: Alaska, California, Florida), Vanuatu (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Indonesia (6), the Philippines (1), Taiwan (1)

• Pliocene of the Bahamas (1), Costa Rica (1), the Dominican Republic (12), Indonesia (13), Italy (4), Japan (2), Mexico (1), New Zealand (4), Panama (13), Taiwan (2), United States (7: California, Florida, South Carolina)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (13), Indonesia (2), New Zealand (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Angola (1), Australia (10), Austria (3), Belgium (1), Brazil (6), the Czech Republic (1), the Dominican Republic (22), France (19), Germany (14), Grenada (9), India (1), Indonesia (14), Iran (2), Ireland (2), Italy (6), Japan (1), Malaysia (1), Mexico (5), Moldova (1), Morocco (4), the Netherlands (4), New Zealand (31), Pakistan (1), Panama (1), Poland (8), Portugal (3), Romania (2), Slovakia (2), Somalia (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Trinidad and Tobago (1)

• Waitakian of New Zealand (4)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Australia (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Oligocene of Australia (4), France (4), Germany (3), Greece (1), Hungary (10), Iran (2), Italy (1), Myanmar (1), the Netherlands (4), New Zealand (6), Slovenia (1), Somalia (1), United States (9: Georgia, Oregon, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Whaingaroan of New Zealand (2)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (1: Washington)

• Eocene of Antarctica (2), Australia (4), Austria (2), Barbados (1), France (4), Guadeloupe (1), Hungary (6), Indonesia (2), Italy (3), Mexico (5), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (9), Pakistan (2), Peru (2), Poland (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Slovenia (1), Spain (7), Tonga (1), Ukraine (2), the United Kingdom (4), United States (73: Alabama, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Australia (1)

• Paleocene of Antarctica (2), Austria (5), Azerbaijan (2), Belgium (1), Cote D'Ivoire (1), Denmark (3), Egypt (4), France (1), Greenland (7), Kazakhstan (1), the Netherlands (1), Nigeria (1), Pakistan (2), Poland (2), the Russian Federation (2), Somalia (1), Sweden (1), Turkmenistan (2), Ukraine (3), the United Kingdom (1), United States (49: Alabama, California, New Jersey, North Dakota, Texas, Virginia)

• Cretaceous of Australia (3), Austria (2), Azerbaijan (2), Bulgaria (2), China (11), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (11), Denmark (1), Egypt (3), France (11), Germany (12), Greece (1), Greenland (3), India (3), Iran (1), Jamaica (3), Japan (1), Kazakhstan (12), Libya (5), Madagascar (10), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (3), New Zealand (4), Oman (1), Poland (3), the Russian Federation (8), Senegal (1), Serbia and Montenegro (3), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (1), South Africa (1), Spain (4), Sweden (1), Switzerland (5), Turkmenistan (4), Ukraine (19), the United Kingdom (2), United States (77: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Georgia, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of the Czech Republic (1), France (2), Germany (7), Hungary (6), India (2), Madagascar (1), Poland (1), Portugal (2), Saudi Arabia (3), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (9), Switzerland (7), Tunisia (2), the United Kingdom (11)

• Permian of the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 891 collections including 1637 occurrences

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