Paracyathus Edwards and Haime 1848 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae

Parent taxon: Caryophylliidae according to J. W. Wells 1956

See also Okulitch 1950, Sepkoski 2002 and Vaughan 1904

Sister taxa: Annoticyathus, Anomocora, Antillocyathus, Asterosmilia, Aulocyathus, Axocyathus, Bourneotrochus, Caryophylliinae, Caryosmilia, Ceratotrochus, Citharocyathus, Coelosmilia, Coenocyathus, Conotrochus, Crispatotrochus, Cyathoceras, Dasmosmilia, Deltocyathus, Desmophyllinae, Discoidocyathus, Eusmiliinae, Goniocorella, Helloceras, Heterocyathus, Kraterostrobilos, Lophelia, Odontocyathoides, Oxysmilia, Parasmiliinae, Parasmilinae, Polycyathus, Solenosmilia, Thecocyathinae, Trochocyathus, Turbinoliinae, Vaughanella, Vielicyathus

Subtaxa: Paracyathus adetos Paracyathus alternatus Paracyathus altus Paracyathus bastropensis Paracyathus bellus Paracyathus crassus Paracyathus cylindricus Paracyathus granulosus Paracyathus henekeni Paracyathus incrustans Paracyathus nannodes Paracyathus pedroensis Paracyathus peruvianus Paracyathus procumbens Paracyathus ravni Paracyathus rugosus Paracyathus sinuosus Paracyathus stearnsii Paracyathus tasmanicus Paracyathus taurinensis Paracyathus turonensis Paracyathus vaughani Paracyathus vaughani

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Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Indonesia (1 collection), Italy (1), United States (1: California)

• Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (1), Mexico (1), Panama (7), United States (5: California, Florida, South Carolina)

• Miocene of Australia (1), the Czech Republic (1), the Dominican Republic (3), France (7), Indonesia (3), Italy (3), Mexico (1), Morocco (1), Poland (1)

• Oligocene of Myanmar (1), United States (2: Washington)

• Eocene of Italy (1), Peru (2), Saudi Arabia (1), Ukraine (2), the United Kingdom (4), United States (27: Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Austria (2), Egypt (1), Somalia (1), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (6: Alabama, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Sweden (1), United States (1: New Jersey)

Total: 92 collections including 111 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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