Trochocyathus Milne-Edwards and Haime 1848 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae

Synonyms: Cyrtocyathus Alloiteau 1958, Pachycyathus, Paratrochocyathus Alloiteau 1958, Platytrochopsis Sikharulidze 1975, Protrochocyathus Alloiteau 1958, Tethocyathus Kühn 1933, Trochocyathus (Paratrochocyathus) Alloiteau 1958

Parent taxon: Caryophylliidae according to H. Löser 2010

See also Baron-Szabo 1998, Baron-Szabo 2002, Baron-Szabo 2008, Baron-Szabo 2009, Chevalier 1961, Koby 1895, Sepkoski 2002, Squires 1984, Squires 1988, Squires 2001, Turnsek et al. 2003 and Wells 1956

Sister taxa: Annoticyathus, Anomocora, Antillocyathus, Asterosmilia, Aulocyathus, Axocyathus, Bourneotrochus, Caryophylliinae, Caryosmilia, Ceratotrochus, Citharocyathus, Coelosmilia, Coenocyathus, Conotrochus, Crispatotrochus, Cyathoceras, Dasmosmilia, Deltocyathus, Desmophyllinae, Discoidocyathus, Eusmiliinae, Goniocorella, Helloceras, Heterocyathus, Kraterostrobilos, Lophelia, Odontocyathoides, Oxysmilia, Paracyathus, Parasmiliinae, Parasmilinae, Placocyathus, Polycyathus, Solenosmilia, Thecocyathinae, Turbinoliinae, Vaughanella, Vielicyathus

Subtaxa: Paratrochocyathus cupuliformis Tethocyathus prahli Tethocyathus walbersdorfensis Trochocyathus (Aplocyathus) Trochocyathus (Platycyathus) Trochocyathus acutus Trochocyathus adelaidensis Trochocyathus androiavensis Trochocyathus antsiranensis Trochocyathus arenulatus Trochocyathus balanophylloides Trochocyathus carbonarius Trochocyathus cermelli Trochocyathus chevalieri Trochocyathus cingulatus Trochocyathus collignoni Trochocyathus coloradoensis Trochocyathus conulus Trochocyathus crassus Trochocyathus crooki Trochocyathus cupuliformis Trochocyathus depressus Trochocyathus duncani Trochocyathus egerius Trochocyathus gardnerae Trochocyathus hanzawai Trochocyathus harveyanus Trochocyathus hemisphaericus Trochocyathus imparipartitus Trochocyathus imperialis Trochocyathus infracompressus Trochocyathus lakii Trochocyathus laminus Trochocyathus madagascariensis Trochocyathus mamillatus Trochocyathus maplestonei Trochocyathus mediterraneus Trochocyathus mexicanum Trochocyathus michelottii Trochocyathus microphyes Trochocyathus microphyllus Trochocyathus mitratus Trochocyathus nomlandi Trochocyathus oregonensis Trochocyathus paliscus Trochocyathus perarmatus Trochocyathus pergranulatus Trochocyathus perrini Trochocyathus persicus Trochocyathus planicostatus Trochocyathus plicatus Trochocyathus pyrenaicus Trochocyathus revolutus Trochocyathus sachalinensis Trochocyathus schmidti Trochocyathus sellardsi Trochocyathus sismondae Trochocyathus speciosus Trochocyathus stantoni Trochocyathus subarcuatus Trochocyathus sublaevis Trochocyathus taylorensis Trochocyathus thorenti Trochocyathus townsendensis Trochocyathus uber Trochocyathus umbrella Trochocyathus valceppiensis Trochocyathus wilkinsoni Trochocyathus wiltshirei Trochocyathus wintoni Trochocyathus woolmani

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Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal microcarnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Egypt (1 collection), Greece (3), Japan (1), Panama (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Philippines (1)

• Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (4), Holy See (Vatican City State) (1), Panama (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (3)

• Miocene of Austria (1), the Czech Republic (1), the Dominican Republic (4), France (2), Grenada (1), Indonesia (2), Iran (1), Italy (6), Morocco (2), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (7), Pakistan (1), Poland (2), Spain (1)

• Oligocene of France (3), Greece (1), Hungary (10), New Zealand (1), Slovenia (1), United States (2: Georgia, Washington)

• Eocene of Australia (3), Austria (2), Barbados (1), Cote D'Ivoire (1), Hungary (3), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Mexico (2), New Zealand (2), Pakistan (2), Saudi Arabia (1), United States (25: California, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Jersey, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene to Eocene of Australia (1)

• Paleocene of Austria (1), Egypt (3), Greenland (1), Pakistan (2), Poland (1), Turkmenistan (2), Ukraine (1), United States (26: Alabama, California, New Jersey, Texas, Virginia)

• Cretaceous of Australia (1), Azerbaijan (1), China (5), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (1), France (9), Germany (5), India (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Kazakhstan (2), Libya (2), Madagascar (9), Mexico (1), Oman (2), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (4), Switzerland (3), Ukraine (1), United States (37: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of France (1), Germany (5), Hungary (5), India (1), Poland (1), Portugal (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of Italy (1)

Total: 253 collections including 339 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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