Caryophyllia Lamarck 1801 (stony coral)

Anthozoa - Scleractinia - Caryophylliidae

Alternative spelling: Caryophillia

Synonym: Cylindrocyathus Alloiteau 1952

Parent taxon: Caryophylliinae according to R. C. Baron-Szabo 2002

See also Alloiteau 1952, Howse 1848, Sepkoski 2002 and Wells 1956

Sister taxa: Leptocyathus, Lophosmilia, Stephanocyathus, Stephanosmilia, Stylocyathus

Subtaxa: Caryophillia quadrifida Caryophyllia (Acanthocyathus) Caryophyllia (Ceratocyathus) Caryophyllia (Premocyathus) Caryophyllia aequalis Caryophyllia arnoldi Caryophyllia blakeleyensis Caryophyllia calcitrapa Caryophyllia californica Caryophyllia calveri Caryophyllia capayensis Caryophyllia charrieri Caryophyllia cladaxis Caryophyllia clavus Caryophyllia comanchei Caryophyllia constricta Caryophyllia crassicosta Caryophyllia dalli Caryophyllia degenerans Caryophyllia denaria Caryophyllia dentonensis Caryophyllia gracilis Caryophyllia granulosa Caryophyllia inops Caryophyllia japonica Caryophyllia konincki Caryophyllia lamellifera Caryophyllia leptaxis Caryophyllia mcglameryae Caryophyllia mediavia Caryophyllia neglecta Caryophyllia oregonensis Caryophyllia paucipaliata Caryophyllia pedroensis Caryophyllia pentaradiata Caryophyllia quadragintaseptae Caryophyllia salinaria Caryophyllia sarsiae Caryophyllia sciolzensis Caryophyllia scobinosa Caryophyllia simplex Caryophyllia sismondai Caryophyllia suevica Caryophyllia texana Caryophyllia truncata Caryophyllia vermicularis Caryophyllia woodmanensis Caryophyllia wynoocheensis

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Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Greece (9 collections), Indonesia (2), Italy (3), Japan (6), New Zealand (1), Taiwan (1), United States (3: Alaska, California), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of the Philippines (1), Taiwan (1)

• Pliocene of Indonesia (6), Italy (4), Japan (1), New Zealand (2), United States (1: California)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Indonesia (1)

• Miocene of Austria (2), Belgium (1), Brazil (4), the Czech Republic (1), France (4), Germany (8), Grenada (3), Indonesia (9), Iran (1), Italy (5), Moldova (1), Morocco (2), the Netherlands (4), New Zealand (10), Pakistan (1), Poland (6), Portugal (2), Romania (2), Slovakia (2), Spain (2)

• Oligocene of France (2), Germany (3), Hungary (7), the Netherlands (4), New Zealand (1), United States (7: Oregon, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Whaingaroan of New Zealand (1)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), France (1), New Zealand (6), Tonga (1), United States (7: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Oregon, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Azerbaijan (1), Denmark (2), Egypt (2), Greenland (7), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (1), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (1), Turkmenistan (1), Ukraine (1), United States (30: Texas)

• Cretaceous of Australia (2), China (1), Denmark (1), Greenland (3), India (2), Libya (1), Madagascar (1), the Netherlands (3), Senegal (1), Slovakia (1), South Africa (1), Switzerland (1), United States (12: Arkansas, Mississippi, New Mexico, Texas)

• Jurassic of Germany (4), Hungary (1), Poland (1)

• Permian of the United Kingdom (1)

Total: 240 collections including 332 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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