†family Obolidae King 1846 (lamp shell)

Lingulata - Lingulida - Obolidae

Parent taxon: Linguloidea according to L.E. Holmer et al. 2017

See also Brock and Cooper 1993, Bruton and Harper 2000, Cooper 1976, Hansen and Holmer 2011, Henningsmoen 1952, Holmer 1986, Holmer 1989, Jin et al. 1993, Mason 1935, Mitchell 1977, Popov 2000, Popov et al. 2000, Puura and Holmer 1993, Roberts and Jell 1990, Sutton et al. 2000, Wang et al. 2014, Williams et al. 2000, Wright 1963, Zhan and Jin 2005 and Zhan et al. 2010

Sister taxa: Aulonotretidae, Bistramia, Dysoristidae, Elkaniidae, Eoobolidae, Kyrshabaktellidae, Laima, Lingulasmatidae, Lingulellotretidae, Lingulidae, Lingulipora, Oxlosia, Paterulidae, Pseudolingulidae, Timalina, Tomasina, Zhanatellidae

Subtaxa: Elliptoglossinae Eodicellomus Foveola Glossellinae Lingulella Lingulellinae Obolinae Prastavia Xianshanella

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Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Virgilian of United States (2: Illinois, Texas collections)

• Carboniferous of Peru (1), United States (10: Indiana, Kentucky, Ohio, Texas)

• Devonian of the Czech Republic (3), South Africa (1), United States (1: Missouri), Vietnam (2)

• Silurian of United States (11: New York)

• Ordovician to Silurian of South Africa (1)

• Ordovician of Argentina (8), Australia (20), Bolivia (1), Canada (21: Newfoundland, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nunavut, Ontario, Quebec), China (39), Colombia (2), the Czech Republic (13), Estonia (22), France (7), Greenland (3), Iran (7), Ireland (5), Kazakhstan (7), Kyrgyzstan (2), Lithuania (3), Mexico (3), Norway (30), Peru (1), Poland (2), Portugal (3), the Russian Federation (8), Spain (7), Sweden (42), the United Kingdom (140), United States (85: California, Colorado, Illinois, Iowa, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, Minnesota, Montana, Nevada, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia)

• Chazy of Canada (4: Ontario, Quebec), United States (19: Alabama, New York, Vermont)

• Llandeilo of Kazakhstan (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (1: Tennessee)

• Whiterockian of United States (1: Utah)

• Klabava of the Czech Republic (4), France (1)

• Arenig of Argentina (1), Canada (1: Yukon), China (12), France (3), the Russian Federation (2), Spain (3), Sweden (1), the United Kingdom (13), United States (6: Montana, Nevada, North Dakota)

• Dawan of China (1)

• Arenigian of United States (3: Utah)

• Canadian of United States (1: Maryland)

• Ayusokkanian of Kazakhstan (1)

• Marjumian of Canada (1: Newfoundland), Greenland (2), United States (5: Arizona, Georgia, Utah, Vermont)

• Cambrian to Ordovician of Canada (1: Quebec), Estonia (11), the Russian Federation (1)

• Cambrian of Argentina (1), Australia (43), Canada (39: British Columbia, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia), China (38), the Czech Republic (5), Denmark (2), Estonia (23), Greenland (3), India (1), Israel (3), Italy (5), Jordan (1), Kazakhstan (81), Kyrgyzstan (1), Mexico (6), New Zealand (2), Norway (5), Pakistan (1), Poland (3), the Russian Federation (5), Sweden (5), the United Kingdom (8), United States (119: Arizona, California, Idaho, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, New York, Pennsylvania, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming)

Total: 1015 collections including 1293 occurrences

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