Family Rajidae Blainville 1816 (skate)

Chondrichthyes - Rajiformes - Rajidae

Parent taxon: Rajiformes according to B. W. Kent 2018

See also Bendix-Almgreen 1983, Capetta 1980, Cappetta 1987, Cassier 1966, Cicimurri and Knight 2009, Eastman 1904, Jonet 1968, Jordan 1963, Leriche 1942, Purdy et al. 2001, Thurmond and Jones 1981, Underwood 2006 and Woodward 1889

Sister taxa: Archaeobatidae, Cyclobatidae, Dynatobatis, Erguitaia, Hamrabatis, Hexatrygon, Hypolophidae, Hypsobatidae, Myeladaphus, Oncobatis, Ostarriraja, Parapalaeobatidae, Plesiobatis, Pristoidei, Rajoidei, Rhina, Rhinobatidae, Rhinobatoidei, Rhynchobatidae, Spathobatidae, Torpedinoidea, Urobatis, Urolophus, Urotrygon, Zanobatus

Subtaxa: Actinobatis Amblyraja Batis Beringraja Cephaleutherus Dactylobatus Dasybatus Dipturus Hieroptera Laeviraja Leucoraja Malacorhina Pararaja Platopterus Propterygia Psammobatis Raja Sympterygia Uraptera

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of the United Kingdom (2 collections), United States (4: California, Oregon, Virginia)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Italy (1)

• Pliocene of Argentina (1), the Netherlands (2), United States (10: California, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• MN 13 of Portugal (2)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Chile (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (2), Costa Rica (1), the Czech Republic (2), Denmark (1), India (2), Japan (2), Malta (1), the Netherlands (4), Panama (1), Poland (1), Portugal (2), Slovakia (1), South Africa (1), United States (7: California, Virginia)

• Oligocene of Germany (3), United States (1: South Carolina)

• Eocene of France (2), Germany (1), United States (3: Alabama, Georgia, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Lebanon (2), United States (2: Maryland, Texas)

Total: 65 collections including 72 occurrences

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