†family Ruzhencevispongidae Kozur 1980 (radiolarian)

Protozoa - Latentifistularia - Ruzhencevispongidae

Synonym: Tormentidae Nazarov and Ormiston 1983

Parent taxon: Latentifistularia according to P. Noble et al. 2017

See also De Wever et al. 2001

Sister taxa: Cauletellidae, Gustefana, Latentifistulidae, Ormistonellidae, Palaeoellipsoides, Pseudolitheliidae, Tetraspongentactinia, Tetratormentidae

Subtaxa: Latentidiota Rectotormentum Ruzhencevispongus Tormentum Wonia

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Type: Ruzhencevispongus

Ecology: passively mobile planktonic omnivore


• Permian of China (28 collections), Malaysia (1), the Russian Federation (1), Thailand (2)

• Carboniferous of Mexico (1), United States (14: Alaska)

Total: 47 collections including 76 occurrences

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