Family Ophiuridae Lyman 1865 (brittle star)

Ophiuroidea - Ophiurida - Ophiuridae

Full reference: T. Lyman. 1865. Ophiuroidae and Astrophytidae. Illustrated Catalogue of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 1:1-200

Parent taxon: Ophiurida according to B. Thuy and A. Kroh 2011

See also Blake 1975, Calzada and GutiƩrrez 1988, Chen et al. 2004, Jagt 2000, Radwanski 2002, Smith et al. 1995, Spencer and Wright 1966 and Storc and Zitt 2008

Sister taxa: Acroura, Chilophiurina, Chilophiurina, Dolicharthra, Gnathophiurina, Gnathophiurina, Laemophiurina, Ophioderma asteriformis, Ophioderma bonnardi, Ophiodermatina, Ophiolepidina, Ophiolepis damesi, Ophiolepis estarensis, Ophiomyxina, Ophiuricoma, Ophiurina, Ophiurites rhaeticus, Plathyarthra

Subtaxa: Felderophiura Huangzhishania Ophiocrossota Ophioleucinae Ophiura Ophiurinae Ophiurites Stegophiura

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Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal detritivore-suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Greenland (1 collection), Italy (2)

• Pliocene of the Netherlands (1), United States (1: North Carolina)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Argentina (1), Chile (1), United States (1: Maryland)

• Oligocene of Germany (2)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), France (2), the United Kingdom (1)

• Paleocene of United States (2: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of the Netherlands (3), Poland (1)

• Cretaceous of Belgium (6), Canada (1: Yukon), the Czech Republic (9), Denmark (1), France (8), Germany (4), the Netherlands (5), Portugal (5), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (7: Montana, New Mexico, Texas)

• Jurassic of France (3), Germany (4), Luxembourg (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (1: Utah)

• Triassic of Bulgaria (1), China (4), France (1), Germany (6), Italy (11), Poland (7), Slovenia (1), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (1), United States (1: Idaho), Vietnam (1)

• Permian of China (1)

Total: 121 collections including 154 occurrences

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