Cirsotrema Mörch 1852 (wentletrap)

Gastropoda - Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae

Alternative spellings: Epitonium (Cirsotrema), Scala (Cirsotrema), Scalaria (Cirsotrema)

Parent taxon: Epitoniidae according to R. Duerr 2004

See also Addicott 1970, Darragh and Kendrick 2008, Durham 1937, Dushane 1988, Harzhauser 2002, Olsson 1967, Sepkoski 2002, Squires 1984, Todd 2001, Vredenburg 1928, Wienrich 2001 and Wilson 1993

Sister taxa: Aciculiscala, Acirsa, Acirsinae, Acrilla, Alora, Amaea, Cerithiscala, Clathroscala, Clathrus, Confusiscala, Crossotrema, Dannevigena, Eglisia, Epitomium, Epitoniinae, Epitonium, Filiscala, Gregorioiscala, Littoriniscala, Mazescala, Murdochella, Narvaliscala, Notacirsa, Nystiellinae, Opalia, Opaliinae, Papuliscala, Pliciscala, Problitora, Scalaria, Scalina, Sthenorytis, Turriscala, Variciscala, Australolaxispira, Scala, Funis

Subtaxa: Cirsotrema (Cirsotremopsis) Cirsotrema (Coroniscala) Cirsotrema (Plastiscala) Cirsotrema (Propescala) Cirsotrema (Rectacirsa) Cirsotrema (Tioria) Cirsotrema cirritum Cirsotrema crassicostatum Cirsotrema dalli Cirsotrema diversiformis Cirsotrema dubiosa Cirsotrema fimbriosa Cirsotrema funiculus Cirsotrema hauniensis Cirsotrema miovaricosum Cirsotrema pleiophylla Cirsotrema preyoungi Cirsotrema tenuisculptum Cirsotrema togatum Cirsotrema varicosa Epitonium (Cirsotrema) clallamense Epitonium (Cirsotrema) howei Epitonium (Cirsotrema) pasoense Epitonium (Cirsotrema) posoensis Epitonium (Cirsotrema) saundersi Scala (Cirsotrema) subtenuilamella

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Type: Scalaria varicosa

Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Costa Rica (1 collection), Italy (2), Japan (1), New Zealand (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Belgium (2), Ecuador (3), Panama (1), Portugal (1), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (4), Venezuela (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of the Dominican Republic (1)

• Miocene of Argentina (11), Australia (1), Austria (1), Colombia (4), Denmark (1), France (1), Germany (20), Grenada (1), Italy (1), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (5), Pakistan (1), Panama (4), United States (2: California, Florida), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1)

• Oligocene of Argentina (2), Denmark (1), New Zealand (9), United States (2: Washington)

• Eocene of Australia (1), Bulgaria (2), France (4), Mexico (3), New Zealand (6), Pakistan (3), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (45: Alabama, California, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas)

• Paleocene of Belgium (1), Denmark (2), New Zealand (1), United States (2: Maryland, Virginia)

Total: 164 collections including 190 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.