Epitonium Röding 1798 (wentletrap)

Gastropoda - Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae

Parent taxon: Epitoniidae according to M. Harzhauser 2002

See also Dockery 1993, Frassinetti and Covacevich 1995, Gardner 1948, Ladd 1972, Ladd 1982, MacNeil 1960, Nielson and Valdovinos 2008, Rivera 1957, Sepkoski 2002, Todd 2001, Ward and Blackwelder 1987, Wienrich 2001 and Wilson 1993

Sister taxa: Aciculiscala, Acirsa, Acirsinae, Acrilla, Alora, Amaea, Cerithiscala, Cirsotrema, Clathroscala, Clathrus, Crossotrema, Dannevigena, Eglisia, Epitomium, Epitoniinae, Filiscala, Gregorioiscala, Littoriniscala, Mazescala, Murdochella, Narvaliscala, Notacirsa, Nystiellinae, Opalia, Opaliinae, Papuliscala, Pliciscala, Problitora, Scalaria, Scalina, Sthenorytis, Turriscala, Variciscala, Australolaxispira, Scala, Funis

Subtaxa: Epitonium (Asperiscala) Epitonium (Bifidoscala) Epitonium (Boreoscala) Epitonium (Cinctiscala) Epitonium (Coniscala) Epitonium (Crisposcala) Epitonium (Cycloscala) Epitonium (Epitonium) Epitonium (Glabriscala) Epitonium (Gyroscala) Epitonium (Hirtoscala) Epitonium (Hyaloscala) Epitonium (Minutiscala) Epitonium (Nitidiscala) Epitonium (Parviscala) Epitonium (Pictoscala) Epitonium (Striatascala) Epitonium alaquaense Epitonium albidum Epitonium angulatum Epitonium candeanum Epitonium chancellorensis Epitonium charlestonensis Epitonium clallamense Epitonium clathratulum Epitonium dubiosum Epitonium echinaticosta Epitonium faearium Epitonium foliaceum Epitonium frondiculum Epitonium frondosum Epitonium georgettinum Epitonium greenlandicum Epitonium humphreysii Epitonium kostejanum Epitonium lamellosum Epitonium latefasciatum Epitonium leai Epitonium multistriatum Epitonium paytense Epitonium peruvianum Epitonium philippinarum Epitonium riachuelanum Epitonium rupicola Epitonium sandwichense Epitonium sillimani Epitonium sohli Epitonium stellanum Epitonium tinctum Epitonium tollini Epitonium trevelyana

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Ecology: slow-moving semi-infaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (1 collection), Brazil (11), Canada (1: Quebec), Chile (1), Costa Rica (2), Ecuador (4), Fiji (1), Italy (2), Japan (6), the Marshall Islands (1), Mexico (5), the Netherlands (2), Panama (2), Portugal (1), South Africa (3), the United Kingdom (2), United States (56: Alaska, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia), Uruguay (1), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene of Belgium (2), Costa Rica (4), the Dominican Republic (1), Ecuador (2), Fiji (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (3), Japan (1), Mexico (4), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (5), the Philippines (1), South Africa (1), Trinidad and Tobago (8), the United Kingdom (4), United States (17: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (7)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Argentina (8), Austria (1), Belgium (4), Chile (2), the Dominican Republic (1), France (1), Germany (28), Grenada (1), Indonesia (1), Japan (3), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (2), Palau (1), Panama (16), Slovakia (1), Trinidad and Tobago (6), United States (12: Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland)

• Oligocene of Ecuador (1), Panama (1), United States (18: Alaska, California, Georgia, Mississippi, Oregon, South Carolina, Washington)

• Eocene to Oligocene of United States (11: Oregon)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Egypt (1), France (4), Japan (2), Mexico (1), Pakistan (6), the Russian Federation (4), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (9), United States (64: Alabama, California, Louisiana, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Denmark (5), Greenland (3), Poland (1), United States (27: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Louisiana, New Jersey, Texas, Virginia)

• Cretaceous of Egypt (3), Mexico (1), Peru (1), United States (32: Alabama, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, Texas)

Total: 455 collections including 641 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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