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Chondrichthyes - Plagiostomi - Carcharidae

Carcharias (Prionodon) was named by Müller and Henle (1841) [non Prionodon Gray 1864 (also attributed to Horsfield 1824) non Prionodon Gray 1864 (also attributed to Horsfield 1824) non Prionodon Gray 1864 (also attributed to Horsfield 1824)]. It is extant.

It was reranked as Prionodon by Gray (1825), Leriche (1942) and Jordan (1963).

It was assigned to Felina by Gray (1825); to Carcharias by Chapman and Pritchard (1904), Eastman (1904) and Chapman and Cudmore (1924); to Carcharidae by Leriche (1942); and to Galeidae by Jordan (1963).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1825Prionodon Gray p. 339
1841Carcharias (Prionodon) Müller and Henle
1904Carcharias (Prionodon) Chapman and Pritchard p. 274
1904Carcharias (Prionodon) Eastman p. 84
1924Carcharias (Prionodon) Chapman and Cudmore p. 119
1942Prionodon Leriche p. 80
1963Prionodon Jordan p. 599

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
genusPrionodon(Müller and Henle 1841)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: nektonicc
Diet: carnivorec
Created: 2004-08-17 13:49:23
Modified: 2009-12-13 03:31:01
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988

Age range: base of the Chattian to the top of the Messinian or 28.10000 to 5.33300 Ma

Collections (17 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Chattian28.1 - 23.03Australia (Victoria) Carcharias incidens (204313)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333USA (South Carolina) P. egertoni (18506)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333New Zealand (North Island) Galeocerdo aculeatus (202916)
Miocene23.03 - 5.333New Zealand (South Island) Galeocerdo aculeatus (202913 202915)
Neogene23.03 - 2.588USA (South Carolina) P. carolinensis (84102)
Burdigalian20.44 - 15.97Australia (Victoria) Carcharias aculeatus (51404)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Maryland) Carcharias egertoni (57782) Galeocerdo egertoni (55396)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82Australia (Victoria) Carcharias javanus (46165)
Langhian15.97 - 13.82USA (Virginia) P. egertoni (71798)
Serravallian13.82 - 11.62USA (Maryland) P. egertoni (18518)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Poland Carcharias sp. (121515)
Tortonian11.62 - 7.246Madagascar Carcharias sp. (51586)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333India (Gujarat) P. sp. (87489)
Late/Upper Miocene11.608 - 5.333Spain (Balearic Islands) Carcharias egertoni (162712)
Messinian7.246 - 5.333Australia (Victoria) Carcharias aculeata (46167)