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Metoposauridae

- Metoposauridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1856Dictyocephalus Leidy p. 256
1856Dictyocephalus elegans Leidy p. 256
1866Eupelor Cope
1866Mastodonsaurus durus Cope p. 250
1868Eupelor durus Cope
1869Eupelor Cope p. 25
1869Eupelor durus Cope p. 25
1879Eupelor durus Miller p. 156
1904Metoposaurus fraasi Lucas
1905Anaschisma brachygnatha Branson
1905Anaschisma browni Branson
1905Anaschisma Branson p. 570
1905Anaschisma browni Branson p. 585
1905Anaschisma brachygnatha Branson p. 588
1919Anaschima Watson p. 67
1919Metoposauridae Watson p. 67
1920Metoposaurus jonesi Case p. 3 figs. Pl. 1
1929Buettneria major Branson and Mehl
1931Trigonosternum latum Schmidt
1946Metoposauridae Kuhn p. 52
1965Metoposaurus browni Chowdhury p. 42
1965Metoposaurus durus Chowdhury p. 42
1965Metoposaurus fraasi Chowdhury p. 42
1978Metoposaurus hoffmani Dutuit
1988Anaschima Carroll
1988Metoposauridae Carroll
1989Anaschisma Hunt p. 297 fig. 1
1989Metoposauridae Murry p. 271
1989Metoposaurus fraasi Murry p. 271
1995Metoposauridae Long and Murry
2000Metoposauridae Yates and Warren pp. 84, 101 fig. 1
2005Metoposauridae Parker and Irmis p. 46
2007Metoposauridae Sulej
2013Metoposauridae Schoch

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
RankNameAuthor
Tetrapoda()
Temnospondyli()
Eutemnospondyli
Rhachitomi()
Eryopiformes
Stereospondylomorpha
Stereospondyli()
Trematosauria
superfamilyTrematosauroidea
familyMetoposauridae
familyMetoposauridae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
T. Sulej 2007"Large oval widely separated orbits situated in the anterior half of the skull; nares large; a suture of the exoccipital with pterygoid perpendicular to long axis of the skull and visible in ventral view; very wide the cultriform process with a long exposure of the anterior end; the quadrate condyle subtriangular in ventral view; deep and rounded sinus pterygoidei below the oblique crest on the posterior
side of the ascending ramus of the pterygoid; a posterior tongue of the articular extends posteriorly between the surangular and the prearticular along the dorsal surface of the retroarticular process; the prearticular short anteriorly; the parapophysis on two neighbouring intercentra of the presacral and sacral region; the clavicles with an indentation in the clavicular blade; the manus and pes unusually large; the femur with the main axes of the proximal and distal heads set to each other at 90 degrees"
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: brackish, freshwater, terrestrialsubp
Locomotion: actively mobilesubo
Life habit: amphibioussubo
Diet: carnivoresubo
Created: 2009-07-20 21:44:54
Modified: 2009-07-20 23:44:54
Source: subo = suborder, subp = subphylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Carnian to the top of the Rhaetian or 237.00000 to 201.30000 Ma

Collections (190 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Wyoming) Anaschisma browni, Anaschisma brachygnatha (91900) Anaschisma sp. (91569) Anaschisma sp., Koskinonodon sp., Koskinonodon princeps (91532) Borborophagus sp. (91571) Borborophagus wyomingensis (91566 91568) Koskinonodon sp. (91567) Metoposauridae indet. (107395)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0India (Madhya Pradesh) Temnospondyli indet. (94787)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (Texas) Apachesaurus gregorii, Metoposaurus sp. (84271)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Canada (Nova Scotia) Stereospondyli indet. (107286)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Morocco (Marrakech) Dutuitosaurus ouazzoui (94785) Metoposauridae indet. (94786)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0USA (New Mexico) Metoposauridae indet. (179084 179085) Metoposauridae indet., Apachesaurus gregorii (83736) Metoposauridae indet., Metoposaurus fraasi (22718)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Germany (Baden-W├╝rttemberg) Metopias diagnosticus (97870) Metopias stuttgartensis (106462) Metoposaurus diagnosticus (106458 106459 106461 106463 106997)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Italy (Bolzano) Metoposaurus diagnosticus (106510)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Germany (Bayern) Metoposaurus heimi (97735 97736 97737 97738) Metoposaurus sp. (124374)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Portugal (Algarve) Metoposauridae indet. (82902 82903)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Apachesaurus gregorii, Buettneria perfecta (71982) Buettneria bakeri (22666) Buettneria perfecta (71980 98596) Metoposaurus jonesi (71976)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5Poland (Opole) Metoposaurus diagnosticus (61449) Metoposaurus sp. (61448)
Carnian - Norian237.0 - 208.5India (Andhra Pradesh) Metoposauridae indet. (174080) Metoposaurus maleriensis (136899 136900 136901) Temnospondyli indet. (112285)
Carnian - Rhaetian237.0 - 201.3Morocco (Marrakech) Metoposauridae indet. (34678)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Texas) Metoposaurus sp., Metoposaurus perfecta (39671)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Madagascar (Toliara) Metoposauridae indet., Metoposaurus hoffmani (106539)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Utah) Metoposauridae indet. (196167)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3USA (Oklahoma) Buettneria sp. (94088)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (North Carolina) Dictyocephalus elegans (99429)
Norian228.0 - 208.5Germany (Baden-W├╝rttemberg) Metoposaurus diagnosticus (106509)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Pennsylvania) Buettneria perfecta (105836) Mastodonsaurus durus (107421) Metoposauridae indet. (59371)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Arizona) Anaschisma sp. (84263 84266) Apachesaurus gregorii (48421 48546 49500 92827 93415 93418 93423 93425 93443 93459) Apachesaurus gregorii, Buettneria perfecta (39160 52499 84264 92826 93113 93135 93432 93541) Apachesaurus sp. (92855) Buettneria perfecta (52500 52501 52502 57683 92322 92819 92821 92910 92911 92912 92913 92922 92928 92929 92933 93111 93112 93115 93116 93118 93123 93125 93131 93133 93227 93229 93230 93232 93351 93352 93354 93356 93357 93360 93361 93363 93364 93428 93430 93460 93473) Buettneria sp., Apachesaurus sp. (22705 92850 92856) Metoposauridae indet. (57685 57686 93438 93453 93470 93474 93551) Metoposauridae indet., Apachesaurus gregorii, Metoposaurus fraasi (48547) Metoposauridae indet., Buettneria perfecta (93569 93571) Metoposaurus fraasi (84268 93542) Placerias gigas, Metoposaurus sp. (39219)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Mexico) Anaschisma sp. (83739) Apachesaurus gregorii (93653 93671 94105) Apachesaurus sp. (57071 179083) Apachesaurus sp., Apachesaurus gregorii (48516) Buettneria sp. (75657 75658 75659 75663 75668) Metoposauridae indet. (75652 75655 75660 75661 75670 93565 93578 93584 93586 93608 93613 93615 93646 94089 94097 179082 179598) Metoposauridae indet., Apachesaurus sp. (93576 93579 93658) Metoposauridae indet., Apachesaurus sp., Anaschisma sp. (83738) Metoposauridae indet., Buettneria sp. (75651) Metoposauridae indet., Buettneria sp., Apachesaurus sp. (55248) Metoposauridae indet., Metoposaurus sp. (93611) Metoposaurus sp. (84272) Temnospondyli indet., Amphibia indet. (83737)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Texas) Buettneria bakeri (12942) Buettneria howardensis (22706) Buettneria perfecta (94493) Metoposauridae indet. (13273 22707 48424) Metoposauridae indet., Buettneria howardensis (22704) Metoposaurus fraasi (84269)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (New Jersey) Metoposauridae indet. (12856 92106)
Norian228.0 - 208.5USA (Oklahoma) Metoposauridae indet. (94096)
Lacian - Alaunian221.5 - 212.0USA (New Mexico) Apachesaurus sp. (92090) Buettneria sp. (62311)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3France (Lorraine) Capitosauridae indet. (36106)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Metoposauridae indet. (139488) Metoposaurus ultimus (139483)
Rhaetian208.5 - 201.3USA (Arizona) Buettneria sp., Metoposaurus sp. (84009) Metoposauridae indet., Metoposaurus sp. B (48423) Metoposaurus sp. (84014 84015)