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Pteraspidomorphi (jawless fish)

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1909Pteraspidomorphi Goodrich
1932Pteraspidomorphi Bryant p. 231
1977Diplorhina Ritchie and Gilbert-Tomlinson p. 367
1997Pteraspidomorphi Young p. 4
1999Pteraspidomorphi Dineley and Metcalf p. 11
2002Pteraspidomorphi Sepkoski, Jr.
2004Pteraspidomorphi Kiessling
2009Pteraspidomorphi Young p. 80
2011Pteraspidomorphi Long p. 241
2019Pteraspidomorphi Van Der Laan p. 15

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phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
superclassPteraspidomorphi(Goodrich 1909)
superclassPteraspidomorphi(Goodrich 1909)

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatitesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2007-09-27 04:49:26
Modified: 2017-03-09 14:07:44
Source: subp = subphylum, p = phylum
Reference: Kiessling 2004

Age range: base of the Bendigonian to the top of the Early/Lower Turonian or 476.80000 to 89.30000 Ma

Collections (129 total)

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Norway Anatolepis heintzi (90321)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Australia (Northern Territory) Arandaspis prionotolepis (90386) Porophoraspis crenulata, Arandaspis prionotolepis (90382)
Bendigonian476.8 - 473.9Australia (Northern Territory) Porophoraspis sp. (90417)
Dapingian - Darriwilian470.0 - 458.4Oman Sacabambaspis sp. (90376)
Darriwilian467.3 - 458.4Oman Sacabambaspis sp. (90377)
Sarka466.0 - 466.0Czech Republic Pteraspis sp. (3857)
Dobrotiva466.0 - 460.9Czech Republic Pteraspis sp. (3859)
Early/Lower Llandeilo466.0 - 460.9Argentina Sacabambaspis janvieri (8868)
Llanvirn466.0 - 460.9Australia (New South Wales) Arandaspis sp. (90375)
Llanvirn466.0 - 460.9Norway Anatolepis heintzi (67174)
Llanvirn466.0 - 460.9Australia (Northern Territory) Arandaspis sp., Porophoraspis sp. (90420) Sacabambaspis sp. (90418)
Caradoc460.9 - 449.5USA (Colorado) Astraspis desiderata, Astraspis splendens, Eriptychius americanus (10380)
Caradocian460.9 - 449.5Australia (Northern Territory) Sacabambaspis sp. (90419)
Caradocian460.9 - 449.5Bolivia Sacabambaspis janvieri (90387 90478)
Franklinian460.9 - 449.5USA (Colorado) Astraspis desiderata (155772) Astraspis desiderata, Eriptychius americanus (155756)
Franklinian460.9 - 449.5Canada (Ontario) Astraspis desiderata (90403 90404 90405 90406 90407 90408 90410 90411 90412) Eriptychius sp., Astraspis desiderata (90381 90409)
Rocklandian460.9 - 449.5USA (Wisconsin) Anatolepis heintzi (90362)
Shermanian460.9 - 449.5USA (Wisconsin) Anatolepis heintzi (90366)
Richmondian449.5 - 443.7USA (Wyoming) Astraspis desiderata, Eriptychius americanus (65239)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Canada (Northwest Territories) Athenaegis chattertoni (90310) Heterostraci indet. 2 (90320) Lanarkia horrida (90314)
Llandovery443.4 - 433.4Russian Federation Tesakoviaspis concentrica (90402)
Llandovery - Ludlow443.4 - 423.0USA (New York) Vernonaspis sp. (12764)
Silurian443.4 - 419.2Canada (Yukon) Ariaspis ornata, Vernonaspis major, Ptomaspis canadensis, Dikenaspis yukonensis, Homalaspidella borealis, Traquairaspis angusta (185831)
Silurian443.4 - 419.2USA (Pennsylvania) Vernonaspis sp. (12763)
Wenlock433.4 - 427.4China (Jiangsu) Kiangsuaspis nankingensis (27751)
Wenlock433.4 - 427.4Canada (Northwest Territories) Ariaspis sp., Pilolepsis sp., Vernonaspis sp., Traquairaspis sp. (497) Tolypelepis sp. A (188784)
Wenlock - Ludlow433.4 - 423.0Canada (Nunavut) Cyathaspis sp. (26882)
Wenlock - Ludlow433.4 - 423.0United Kingdom (Scotland) Lanarkia sp. (26906)
Wenlock - Ludlow433.4 - 423.0Canada (Northwest Territories) Cyathaspididae indet. (188832 188834)
Homerian430.5 - 427.4China (Sichuan) Nostolepis tewonensis (182550)
Homerian - Gorstian430.5 - 425.6United Kingdom (Scotland) Traquairaspis sp. (26907)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0Canada (Northwest Territories) Nostolepis sp. (534)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0United Kingdom (Scotland) Lanarkia sp. (26896)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0USA (Pennsylvania) Americaspis sp., Vernonaspis sp. (14206)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0Russian Federation Archegonaspis sp., Cyathaspididae indet. (90326)
Ludlow427.4 - 423.0Canada (Nunavut) Pteraspidomorphes indet. (26883)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0Sweden (Gotland) Nostolepis striata, Gomphodus sandelensis, Gomphodus hoppei (13820)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0USA (New York) Vernonaspis sp. (26085)
Ludfordian425.6 - 423.0China (Junnan) Nostolepis sp. (182558)
Kaugetuma423.0 - 419.2Estonia Nostolepis striata, Nostolepis gracilis (195606)
Ohesaare423.0 - 419.2Estonia (Saare) Tolypelepis undulata, Tylodus deltoides, Nostolepis striata, Nostolepis gracilis, Strosipherus indentatus (193837)
Ohesaare423.0 - 419.2Estonia Tolypelepis undulata, Nostolepis striata, Nostolepis gracilis, Strosipherus indentatus, Gomphodus sandelensis (13831)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Canada (Nunavut) Ariaspis arctata (185830) Corvaspis arctica, Traquairaspidida indet., Cyathaspidida indet. (90324) Cyathaspididae indet. (14024)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2USA (New York) Archegonaspis sp., Vernonaspis sp. (493)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Estonia Nostolepis striata, Gomphodus sandelensis (13829) Tolypelepis undulata, Nostolepis striata, Nostolepis gracilis, Strosipherus indentatus, Gomphodus sandelensis (13830)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2China (Junnan) Nostolepis sp., Nostolepis striata, Nostolepis sinica (182559)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Russian Federation Tolypelepis undulata, Cyathaspididae indet., Strosipherus sp. (90328)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2Canada (New Brunswick) Cyathaspis acadica (161318)
Pridoli423.0 - 419.2United Kingdom (England) Cyathaspis sp. (26914)
Paadla422.9 - 419.2Estonia Nostolepis striata, Gomphodus sandelensis (13826 13827)
Kuressaare421.3 - 419.2Estonia Nostolepis striata, Gomphodus sandelensis (13828)
Kuressaare421.3 - 419.2Estonia (Saare) Nostolepis striata (195605)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8France Anglaspis sp., Poraspis sp., Nostolepis sp., Protopteraspis sp. (26983)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8United Kingdom (England) Althaspis sp. (90351) Europrotapsis crenulata, Althaspis leachi (90352) Pteraspis rostrata (10679) Pteraspis sp., Weigeltaspis sp. (26918)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8China (Yunnan) Nostolepis sp. (162781)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8Ukraine Cyathaspis sturi, Pteraspis podolicus, Pteraspis kneri, Pteraspididae indet. A, Pteraspididae indet. B, Pteraspididae indet. E, Palaeaspis simionescui, Pteraspis rostrata (90350) Pteraspidomorphi indet., Corvaspis sp., Traquairaspis sp., Podolaspis sp., Larnovaspis sp. (26978) Pteraspis major, Larnovaspis major, Larnovaspis kneri, Pteraspis rostrata (90349)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8Canada (Nunavat) Pteraspidomorphi indet. (204935)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8Russian Federation Anglaspis sp., Anglaspis sp. 1, Corveolepis graticulata, Ctenaspis sp., Ctenaspis sp. 1, Poraspis sp., Lepidaspis sp., Poraspis polaris, Heterostraci indet., Corvaspididae indet., Traquairaspidiformes indet., Phialaspis sp., Pteraspidiformes indet., Irregulareaspis sp., Homalaspidella sp., Protopteraspis sp., Unarkaspis sp., Pteraspididae indet., Putoranaspis sp., Poraspididae indet., Amphiaspidiformes indet. (90330) Corveolepis elgae, Corvaspididae indet., Tesseraspis sp., Tesseraspis mosaica (90329) Nostolepis sp. (26672 26673) Steinaspis sp. (26989) Tareyaspis venusta (26668)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8Canada (Nunavut) Anglaspis sp., Ctenaspis russelli, Aporemaspis pholidata (90322) Cyathaspididae indet. (14027) Pteraspididae indet., Cyathaspididae indet. (14026)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8USA (Wyoming) Protaspis brevispina, Protaspis mcgrewi, Cardipeltis richardoni, Cardipeltis bryanti, Protaspis transversa, Lampraspis tuberculata (153534)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8Canada (Nova Scotia) Traquairaspis sp., Protopteraspis sp. (14201)
Lochkovian419.2 - 410.8Norway Anglaspis sp., Corvaspis sp., Ctenaspis sp., Dinaspidella sp., Poraspis sp., Traquairaspis sp., Protopteraspis sp. (26929)
Lochkovian - Pragian419.2 - 407.6USA (Ohio) Allocryptaspis sp., Zascinaspis sp. (26874)
Lochkovian - Pragian419.2 - 407.6Ukraine Pteraspis sp. (23447)
Early/Lower Devonian419.2 - 393.3USA (Wyoming) Protaspis brevispina, Protaspis mcgrewi, Cardipeltis richardsoni, Cardipeltis bryanti, Protaspis transversa, Lampraspis tuberculata (26179)
Ditton416.0 - 412.3United Kingdom (Herefordshire) Pteraspis jackana, Weigeltaspis sp., Pteraspis crouchi, Pteraspis rostrata, Pteraspis waynensis (201736)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6Russian Federation Poraspis sp., Traquairaspidiformes indet., Protopteraspididae indet., Protopteraspididae indet. 1, Pteraspidiformes indet., Pteraspididae indet., Miltaspis sp., Gigantaspis sp., Poraspididae indet. (90331)
Pragian410.8 - 407.6Ukraine Pteraspis major, Pteraspididae indet. D, Pteraspididae indet. F, Pteraspididae indet. G, Podolaspis lerichei, Brachipteraspis latissima (90348)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany (Alken) Drepanaspis sp., Rhinopteraspis dunensis (27049)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Russian Federation Nostolepis sp. A (35710) Nostolepis sp. A, Nostolepis sp. (35711) Nostolepis sp. A, Nostolepis sp. B (35712 35713)
Early/Lower Emsian409.1 - 402.5Germany (Gemuenden) Drepanaspis gemuendensis, Pteraspis dunensis (26903)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3New Zealand Nostolepis striata, Nostolepis gracilis (40524)
Emsian407.6 - 393.3USA (Wyoming) Allocryptaspis ellipticus, Allocryptaspis flabelliformis, Protaspis ovata, Protaspis sculpta, Cardipeltis wallacii (26176)
Late/Upper Emsian402.5 - 391.9Russian Federation Nostolepis sp. A (35720) Nostolepis sp. A, Nostolepis sp. B, Nostolepis sp. (35718) Nostolepis sp. C (35715)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Brazil (Para) Pteraspis sp. (37137)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7Russian Federation Pycnosteus sp., Schizosteus heterolepis, Tartuosteus sp., Heterostraci indet., Protopteraspididae indet 2, Psammosteus sp., Psammosteidae indet., Psammolepis sp. (90332)
Eifelian393.3 - 387.7USA (California) Pteraspididae indet., Blieckaspis priscillae (206448) Pteraspididae indet., Cyathaspididae indet., Panamintaspis snowi (206449)
Early/Lower Givetian388.1 - 383.7Russian Federation Tartuosteus sp., Heterostraci indet., Psammosteus sp., Psammosteidae indet., Psammolepis sp. (90333)
Late/Upper Givetian388.1 - 383.7Russian Federation Heterostraci indet., Psammosteus sp., Psammolepis sp. (90334)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Russian Federation Oredezhosteus kuleshovi (90346) Psammosteus sp. (90335) Tartuosteus zheleznogorskensis, Psammosteus praecursor (90343)
Early/Lower Frasnian383.7 - 382.4Latvia Oredezhosteus livonicus (90347)
Late/Upper Frasnian379.5 - 376.1Russian Federation Psammosteus sp. (90336)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9United Kingdom Psammosteus granulatus (132818) Psammosteus vermicularis (132819)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Germany (Sud-Deutsche Senke) Pachylepis quinquies (24808)
Early/Lower Turonian93.5 - 89.3Czech Republic Gomphodus scrobiculatus (90516 90518)