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Cassianocrinus tetarakontadactylus

Crinoidea - Encrinida - Encrinidae

Taxonomy
Encrinus (Cassianocrinus) tetarakontadactylus was named by Laube (1865). It is the type species of Encrinus (Cassianocrinus).

It was synonymized subjectively with Cassianocrinus varians by Hagdorn (2004); it was recombined as Cassianocrinus tetarakontadactylus by Hess and Messing (2011).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1841Encrinus varians Münster p. 52 figs. Pl 5, fig 10
1865Encrinus varians Laube p. 53 figs. Pl 8a, figs 13-16
1865Encrinus (Cassianocrinus) tetarakontadactylus Laube p. 54 figs. Pl 8b, figs 1-3
1904Encrinus (Entrochus) varians Broili
2004Cassianocrinus varians Hagdorn p. 244 figs. Pls 1, 2; text-fig 1,3
2011Cassianocrinus tetarakontadactylus Hess and Messing p. 28

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Deuterostomia
Ambulacraria
phylumEchinodermata
subphylumBlastozoa
classCrinoideaMiller 1821
subclassPentacrinoideaJaekel 1918
RankNameAuthor
infraclassInadunata(Wachsmuth and Springer 1897)
Cladida(Moore and Laudon 1943)
Eucladida
infraorderArticulata(Miller 1821)
orderEncrinidaMatsumoto 1929
familyEncrinidaeDujardin and Hupé 1862
genusCassianocrinus()
speciestetarakontadactylus()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

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Invalid names: Encrinus varians Münster 1841 [synonym]
Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: high Mg calcitec
Ontogeny: accretion, addition of partsp
Environment: marinep
Locomotion: stationaryo
Attached: yessubc
Life habit: epifaunalo
Diet: suspension feedero
Vision: blindc
Dispersal: waterp
Dispersal 2: planktonicp
Created: 2004-02-28 16:35:50
Modified: 2004-02-28 18:35:50
Source: o = order, subc = subclass, c = class, p = phylum
References: Aberhan 1992, Hendy et al. 2009, Kiessling 2004, Aberhan et al. 2004

Age range: base of the Carnian to the top of the Julian or 237.00000 to 232.00000 Ma

Collections (7 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Italy (Trentino) Encrinus varians (44953)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Italy (Venezia) Encrinus varians (56706)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Italy (South Tyrol) Encrinus varians (205147 205149)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Italy Encrinus varians (69664 137429 202422)