Pliosaurus brachydeirus Owen 1841 (plesiosaur)

Reptilia - Sauropterygia - Pliosauridae

Alternative combinations: Plesiosaurus (Pleiosaurus) brachydeirus, Pliosaurus brachydirus

Synonyms: Peloneustes sterrodeirus Seeley 1869, Plesiosaurus sterrodeirus Seeley 1869

Full reference: R. Owen. 1841. Odontography; or, A Treatise on the Comparative Anatomy of the Teeth, Their Physiological Relations, Mode of Development, and Microscopic Structure in the Vertebrate Animals. Volume I. Hippolyte Bailliere Publishers, London 1-655

Belongs to Pliosaurus according to R. B. J. Benson et al. 2013

See also Bardet et al. 1993, Delair 1960, Ketchum and Benson 2011, Knutsen 2012, Lydekker 1889, Noè et al. 2004, O'Keefe 2001, Owen 1841, Owen 1842, Owen 1869, Seeley 1869, Tarlo 1959 and Tarlo 1960

Sister taxa: Cetiosaurus rigauxi, Pleiosaurus macromerus, Plesiosaurus giganteus, Pliosaurus andrewsi, Pliosaurus carpenteri, Pliosaurus funkei, Pliosaurus gamma, Pliosaurus grandis, Pliosaurus grossouvrei, Pliosaurus irgisensis, Pliosaurus kevani, Pliosaurus patagonicus, Pliosaurus phosphaticus, Pliosaurus portentificus, Pliosaurus rossicus, Pliosaurus westburyensis

Type specimens:

  • Pliosaurus brachydeirus: OXFUM J.9245A,B, J.9285, J.9292-9298 etc, a partial skeleton (teeth, lower and upper jaws, vertebral column, femur, tibia, fibula). Its type locality is Market Rasen, which is in a Kimmeridgian marine horizon in the Kimmeridge Clay Formation of the United Kingdom.
  • Peloneustes sterrodeirus: Its type locality is Ely, Roswell Pits, which is in a Kimmeridgian marine horizon in the Kimmeridge Clay Formation of the United Kingdom.

Ecology: aquatic carnivore

Distribution:

• Jurassic of the United Kingdom (14 collections)

Total: 14 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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