Pliosaurus Owen 1841 (plesiosaur)

Reptilia - Sauropterygia - Pliosauridae

Alternative spellings: Pleiosaurus, Plesiosaurus (Pleiosaurus)

Synonyms: Ischyrodon Merian 1838, Spondylosaurus Fischer 1845, Stretosaurus Tarlo 1959

Full reference: R. Owen. 1841. Odontography; or, A Treatise on the Comparative Anatomy of the Teeth, Their Physiological Relations, Mode of Development, and Microscopic Structure in the Vertebrate Animals. Volume I. Hippolyte Bailliere Publishers, London 1-655

Parent taxon: Thalassophonea according to R. B. J. Benson and P. S. Druckenmiller 2014

See also Andrews 1913, Benson et al. 2013, Carroll 1988, Cope 1871, Cope 1875, d'Orbigny 1849, Delair 1960, Halstead 1989, Ketchum and Benson 2010, Ketchum and Benson 2011, Knutsen 2012, Knutsen et al. 2012, Lydekker 1889, Malakhov 1999, Meyer 1845, Noè et al. 2004, Owen 1841, Owen 1842, Owen 1861, Phillips 1871, Quenstedt 1852, Sassoon et al. 2012, Seeley 1874, Sepkoski 2002, Stefano 1903, Tarlo 1960 and White 1940

Sister taxa: Brachaucheninae, Gallardosaurus, Liopleurodon, Makhaira, Peloneustes, Pliosaurus brachyspondylus, Pliosaurus macromerus, Simolestes

Subtaxa: Cetiosaurus rigauxi Pleiosaurus macromerus Plesiosaurus giganteus Pliosaurus andrewsi Pliosaurus brachydeirus Pliosaurus carpenteri Pliosaurus funkei Pliosaurus gamma Pliosaurus grandis Pliosaurus grossouvrei Pliosaurus irgisensis Pliosaurus kevani Pliosaurus patagonicus Pliosaurus phosphaticus Pliosaurus portentificus Pliosaurus rossicus Pliosaurus westburyensis

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Ecology: aquatic carnivore

Distribution:

• Cretaceous of Chile (1 collection), France (1), Tunisia (1), the United Kingdom (2)

• Jurassic of Argentina (3), France (4), Norway (2), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (33)

Total: 51 collections including 58 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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