Kairuku Ksepka et al. 2012 (penguin)

Aves - Sphenisciformes

Full reference: D. T. Ksepka, R. E. Fordyce, T. Ando and C. M. Jones. 2012. New fossil penguins (AVes, Sphenisciformes) from the Oligocene of New Zealand reveal the skeletal plan of stem penguins. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 32(2):235-254

Parent taxon: Sphenisciformes according to D. T. Ksepka et al. 2012

Sister taxa: Anthropornis, Aprosdokitos, Archaeospheniscus, Delphinornis, Duntroonornis, Icadyptes, Inkayacu, Kaiika, Korora, Kumimanu, Marambiornis, Mesetaornis, Muriwaimanu, Pachydyptes, Palaeospheniscinae, Paraptenodytinae, Perudyptes, Platydyptes, Sequiwaimanu, Spheniscidae, Tonniornis, Waimanu, Wimanornis

Subtaxa: Kairuku grebneffi Kairuku waitaki

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Type: Kairuku waitaki

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Oligocene of New Zealand (7 collections)

• Whaingaroan of New Zealand (1)

• Eocene of New Zealand (1)

Total: 9 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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