Order Scorpaeniformes (ray-finned fish)

Actinopteri - Scorpaeniformes

Parent taxon: Teleostei according to G. Carnevale and S. J. Godfrey 2118

See also Jordan 1963, Long 2011, Nelson 2006 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Amphiuma nordica, Araripichthyidae, Asiatolepis, Aspidorhynchidae, Bathyclupeiformes, Chongichthyidae, Chromides, Clupeomorpha, Crossognathiformes, Discocephali, Dorsetichthyiformes, Elopocephalai, Euteleostei, Euteleosteii, Gobioidea, Incertae, Jinanichthys, Jugulares, Leptolepidiformes, Longdeichthys, Lyopomi, Opisthomi, Osteoglossocephalai, Osteossomorpha, Paralycoptera, Pediculati, Phacodus, Pharyngognathi, Pholidophoriformes, Polymyxiomorpha, Symbranchia, Todiltia, Tonghuaichthys, Tselfatiiformes, Xenopterygii

Subtaxa: Aploactidae Artedius Caracanthidae Chitonotus Congiopodidae Ctenopomichthys Cyclopterus Eosynanceja Eutrigla Gnathanacanthidae Hoplichthys Icelinus Lepidocottus Leptocottus Malacocottus Neoplatycephalus Notesthes Ophiodon Pataecidae Podothecus Radulinus Sebastes Triglidae Zaniolepis

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Ecology: nektobenthic carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Italy (2 collections), United States (9: California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Jamaica (1), United States (2: Florida, North Carolina)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Germany (1), Italy (2), Japan (1), Peru (1), Slovakia (1)

• Oligocene of Belgium (1), the Czech Republic (1), Germany (3), Italy (1)

• Eocene of Germany (1)

Total: 28 collections including 40 occurrences

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