Larus Linnaeus 1758 (gull)

Aves - Charadriiformes - Laridae

Full reference: C. Linnaeus. 1758. Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Editio Decima 1:1-824

Parent taxon: Laridae according to J. F. Clements et al. 2017

See also Baird 1992, Brodkorb 1955, Carroll 1988, Chandler 1990, Emslie 1995, Guthrie 1992, Lambrecht 1933, Olson 1975, Olson 1985, Olson and James 1982, Olson and Rasmussen 2001, Sepkoski 2002, Shufeldt 1891, Smith 2011 and Worthy and Grant-Mackie 2003

Sister taxa: Anous, Chlidonias, Chroicocephalus, Creagrus, Gaviota, Gelochelidon, Gygis, Halcyornis, Hydrocoloeus, Hydroprogne, Larinae, Larosterna, Leucophaeus, Limicolavis, Limosavis, Onychoprion, Pagophila, Pseudosterna, Rhodostethia, Rissa, Sterna, Sterninae, Sternula, Thalasseus, Xema

Subtaxa: Larus argentatus Larus cachinnans Larus californicus Larus canus Larus delawarensis Larus dolnicensis Larus dominicanus Larus elmorei Larus glaucescens Larus hyperboreus Larus lacus Larus marinus Larus oregonus Larus perpetuus Larus pristinus Larus robustus Larus utunui

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Type: Stercorarius parasiticus

Ecology: ground dwelling carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), Azerbaijan (1), the Congo-Kinshasa (1), Finland (1), French Polynesia (1), Greece (1), Greenland (1), Japan (1), Madagascar (1), New Zealand (8), the Russian Federation (1), Saint Helena (1), the Seychelles (1), South Africa (3), United States (33: Alaska, California, Colorado, Florida, Oregon, Virginia, Wyoming)

• Blancan of United States (2: California)

• Pliocene of United States (3: Florida, North Carolina)

• Miocene of United States (3: Florida, North Carolina)

• Oligocene of United States (1: Oregon)

Total: 65 collections including 94 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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