Geochelone Fitzinger 1835 (turtle)

Reptilia - Testudines - Pantestudinidae

Parent taxon: Testudinidae according to M. S. de la Fuente et al. 2014

See also Antunes and de Broin 1977, Auffenberg 1971, Böhme 2008, Burney et al. 2008, Carroll 1988, Crumly 1982, Estes and Tihen 1964, Frank and Ramus 1996, Holman 1985, Holman and Sullivan 1981, Holman and Tokaryk 1987, Meylan and Auffenberg 1986, Parris and Daeschler 1995, Sanchez-Villagra and Scheyer 2010, van Dijk et al. 2014 and Zug 2001

Sister taxa: Achilemys, Agrionemys, Aldabrachelys, Anhuichelys, Astrochelys, Cachuga, Caryoderma, Centrochelys, Cheirogaster, Chelone, Chelonoidis, Chelys patagonica, Chersina, Cylindraspis, Damonia, Dipsochelys, Emys sombrerensis, Ergilemys, Eurotestudo, Floridemys, Floridemys hurdi, Fontainechelon, Geochelone (Chelonoidis), Geochelone (Hesperotestudo) equicomes, Gigantochersina, Gopherus, Gopherus praecedens, Hesperotestudo, Homopus, Impregnochelys, Indotestudo, Juvemys, Kansuchelys, Kinixys, Malacochersus, Manouria, Megalochelys, Mesochersus, Miotestudo, Namibchersus, Nicoria, Palaeoemys, Paleotestudo, Pelorochelon, Psammobates, Pyxis, Sinohadrianus, Stigmochelys, Stylemys, Stylemys calaverensis, Taraschelon, Testudininae, Testudininei, Testudinites sellovii, Testudo, Testudo annae, Testudo atascosae, Testudo castrensis, Testudo cultrata, Testudo exornata, Testudo formosa, Testudo francisi, Testudo hayi, Testudo klettiana, Testudo laticaudata, Testudo louisekressmani, Testudo luciae, Testudo ocalana, Testudo paranensis, Testudo peragrans, Testudo quadratus, Testudo undata, Titanochelon

Subtaxa: Geochelone (Asterochelys) Geochelone (Geochelone) Geochelone carbonaria Geochelone chilensis Geochelone costaricensis Geochelone crassa Geochelone demissa Geochelone elegans Geochelone elephantopus Geochelone gigantea Geochelone insolitus Geochelone kalganensis Geochelone laetoliensis Geochelone nigra Geochelone oskarkuhni Geochelone pardalis Geochelone platynota Geochelone radiata Geochelone stromeri Geochelone sulcata Geochelone travancorica Geochelone yniphora

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Ecology: ground dwelling herbivore-herbivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Anguilla (1 collection), the Bahamas (2), Brazil (1), Djibouti (1), Ecuador (5), El Salvador (2), Haiti (1), Indonesia (2), Kenya (2), Madagascar (2), the Netherlands Antilles (2), Saudi Arabia (1), Sudan (2), Tanzania (1), Turks and Caicos Islands (2), United States (16: California, Florida, Kansas, Mississippi, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Texas)

• Blancan of United States (2: Florida)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Kenya (20)

• Pliocene of Chad (3), France (1), Indonesia (5), Kenya (3), Libya (1), Mexico (1), Mongolia (1), Morocco (1), Tanzania (6), United States (1: North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of United States (6: California, Kansas, Nebraska)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Kenya (3), South Africa (1)

• Miocene of Canada (4: Saskatchewan), Colombia (1), France (3), Germany (11), Iraq (1), Kenya (2), Nepal (2), Saudi Arabia (3), Spain (1), Tunisia (1), the United Arab Emirates (5), United States (14: Delaware, Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, Texas)

• Harrisonian of United States (1: Texas)

• Arikareean of United States (1: California)

• Oligocene of Canada (1: Saskatchewan), the Czech Republic (1), Germany (1), Mongolia (1)

• Eocene of Canada (1: Northwest Territories), Germany (4), Mongolia (2), Portugal (2)

• Tertiary of China (1)

Total: 162 collections including 164 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.